Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #12 (FY 2008)

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #12 (FY 2008)


BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated April 9, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– The April 13 announcement of the formation of a coalition cabinet has led to a reduction in tensions in areas of Kenya affected by the post-election crisis. However, USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) staff caution that the overall security situation remains tenuous.

– On April 14, the U.N. and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) launched a revised appeal for $189 million targeting internally displaced persons (IDPs) and other populations impacted by Kenya’s post-election violence, as well as families potentially affected by drought. The revised appeal supplements the original $41.9 million Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan announced on January 16 to assist 500,000 people affected by the postelection violence.

– On April 10, USAID/OFDA airlifted 300 rolls of plastic sheeting from USAID/OFDA’s Dubai warehouse to Eldoret town, Rift Valley Province, to upgrade existing camp shelter resources in response to protracted displacement needs compounded by the onset of the March rains. The emergency relief commodities, valued at more than $165,000 including transport, will improve shelter conditions for approximately 50,000 beneficiaries.

– The USAID/DART continues to conduct field assessments throughout affected regions of central and western Kenya, engage with U.N. and partner relief agencies to identify evolving humanitarian needs, and facilitate coordination and information sharing regarding response and early recovery efforts.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
157,585
KRCS(2) – April 16, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(3) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(4)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Kenyan Refugees in Uganda
2,000
UNHCR(5) – April 18, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Kenya: $6,222,429
USAID/FFP(6) Assistance to Kenya: $39,719,000
State/PRM(7) Assistance to Kenya: $10,843,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $56,784,534

CURRENT SITUATION

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Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 203 – 07 to 13 Apr 2008

Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 203 – 07 to 13 Apr 2008

Date: 13 Apr 2008

KENYA

Assessments and Events

– On 8 April, the key political parties announced a suspension in their dialogue. The UN fears that this could slow or halt progress made in returning thousands of IDPs to their homes.

– Social networks are disrupted and health services are under pressure. Risks are particularly acute for people with chronic conditions, like TB or HIV/AIDS, who depend on regular medication.

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– WHO and the Health Cluster partners (UNICEF, UNFPA, the Kenyan Red Cross, international and local NGOs, community- and faith-based organizations) continue to support the MoH in facing the increasing demand for care.

– In the context of the Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan, WHO is requesting external assistance to:

  • strengthen coordination and health information management (assessments, monitoring, dissemination) in the most critical provinces as well as in Nairobi;
  • ensure surveillance and respond to disease outbreaks;
  • strengthen primary health care services and ensure the availability of medical supplies in IDP camps and host communities.

– Under the revised Response Plan, WHO is requesting US$ 1 177 000, of which 395 700 have already been received from the CERF, Australia and Turkey. WHO also advanced US$ 240 000 from its own regular budget.

WHO – Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 201 – 24 to 30 Mar 2008


Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 201 – 24 to 30 Mar 2008


Each week, the World Health Organization Health Action in Crises in Geneva produces information highlights on critical health-related activities in countries where there are humanitarian crises. Drawing on the various WHO programmes, contributions cover activities from field and country offices and the support provided by WHO regional offices and headquarters. The mandate of the WHO departments specifically concerned with Emergency and Humanitarian Action in Crises is to increase the effectiveness of the WHO contribution to crisis preparedness and response, transition and recovery. This note, which is not exhaustive, is designed for internal use and does not reflect any official position of the WHO Secretariat.

KENYA

Assessments and Events

– Humanitarian needs are expected to continue during the upcoming period of return and re-integration of the IDPs.

– An estimated 300 000 IDPS are still in camps and twice as many are residing in host communities. Camps are congested and the quality of water, shelter and sanitation has fallen below international standards.

– The return of a number of IDPs to their provinces of origin will increase the pressure on infrastructures, even in areas unaffected by the violence, and stretch further humanitarian operations.

– The already fragile health care system was seriously weakened by the crisis and is only partially functioning. Many health facilities remain closed. Many displaced health workers have not and may not return to their posts. Patients suffering from chronic diseases have lost access to treatment.

– In the North Eastern province, the cholera outbreak in Mandera district continues, with 323 cases and 11 deaths reported as of 13 March.

– As of the same date, 204 cases of cholera and 16 deaths had also been reported in Nyanza province.

– Improving coordination and information management, identifying and filling gaps, reinforcing disease surveillance and providing psychosocial support remain crucial. Other key interventions include access to primary health care and curative and referral care services for IDP and host communities.

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