OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 17, 24 – 30 Apr 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 17, 24 – 30 Apr 2008


HIGHLIGHTS

– Leaders tour Rift Valley Province to preach peace and promote reconciliation Talks on institutional reforms under Agenda Four resume

– 11,953 IDPs in Turkana District need more assistance

– Government approves transitional shelter kit

– UN appeals for $17 million for new arrivals from Somalia

I. General Overview

During their three-day tour of Rift Valley Province, President Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Odinga encouraged communities to reconcile so that displaced people could return home and farm to alleviate the looming food crisis. MPs from Rift Valley province have put forward their own pre-conditions for the resettlement and return of IDPs which are: 1) for suspects arrested for participating in the post-election to be released, 2) for those displaced from Mau Summit during President Kibaki.s first term to be resettled and 3) the termination of the military operation in Mount Elgon. They feel all of these actions are unfairly targeting the wider Kalenjin community. Nevertheless, the visit is seen as a positive step as it shows the issue of return and resettlement is high on the political agenda.

Mediated talks on long-term constitutional, institutional and legal reforms, known as Agenda Four, resumed. The reforms aim to resolve the underlying causes of Kenya.s political crisis. A Commission of Inquiry on Post-Election Violence will be officially established on 1 May, chaired by Kenyan Court of Appeal Judge Philip Waki. A draft bill to establish a Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission is being finalized. The commission will investigate human rights violations, economic crimes, including corruption and historical land injustices, committed since independence.

The chairman and the treasurer of the outlawed Mungiki sect were shot dead on 28 April. Analysts believe that the sect is experiencing a power struggle over its leadership. As a result of these recent killings, the sect cancelled its first planned reconciliatory meeting with church and government officials.

Floods have displaced at least 38 families in Homa Bay and Nyando districts in Nyanza Province. The Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) is responding with blankets, mosquito nets, food, aquatabs, cholera kits, shelter materials and medical treatment.

The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

II. Humanitarian Situation Continue reading

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Cholera in Nyanza: Kenya Red Cross intervenes

Cholera in Nyanza: Kenya Red Cross intervenes


Nairobi, 29th April 2008 – Nyanza region has had cholera outbreaks since last year where the first case was confirmed in Suba on 2nd December 2007. The outbreaks have been reported in 10 districts. The affected districts are Nyando, Homabay, Suba, Migori, Rongo, Bondo, Kisumu East and West, South Kisii and Bunyala Districts.

The Ministry of Health has been working with partners in the region to curb the spread of and control cholera in the region. Partners working closely with the MOH in cholera interventions are the Kenya Red Cross, Care Kenya, UNICEF, World Vision and MSF, among others.

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Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 203 – 07 to 13 Apr 2008

Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 203 – 07 to 13 Apr 2008

Date: 13 Apr 2008

KENYA

Assessments and Events

– On 8 April, the key political parties announced a suspension in their dialogue. The UN fears that this could slow or halt progress made in returning thousands of IDPs to their homes.

– Social networks are disrupted and health services are under pressure. Risks are particularly acute for people with chronic conditions, like TB or HIV/AIDS, who depend on regular medication.

Actions

– WHO and the Health Cluster partners (UNICEF, UNFPA, the Kenyan Red Cross, international and local NGOs, community- and faith-based organizations) continue to support the MoH in facing the increasing demand for care.

– In the context of the Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan, WHO is requesting external assistance to:

  • strengthen coordination and health information management (assessments, monitoring, dissemination) in the most critical provinces as well as in Nairobi;
  • ensure surveillance and respond to disease outbreaks;
  • strengthen primary health care services and ensure the availability of medical supplies in IDP camps and host communities.

– Under the revised Response Plan, WHO is requesting US$ 1 177 000, of which 395 700 have already been received from the CERF, Australia and Turkey. WHO also advanced US$ 240 000 from its own regular budget.

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 14, 03 – 09 Apr 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 14, 03 – 09 Apr 2008

HIGHLIGHTS – Civil unrest as power-sharing talks break down – Diplomats and donors warn of aid cuts if peace deal is not implemented – Growing concern over rising food prices and inflation – $189 million Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan launch on 14 April – Deal agreed to ensure IDP children can sit national exams The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

I General Overview Protests and violence erupted in Nairobi’s Kibera slum and Kisumu on 8 April following the Orange Democratic Movement’s suspension of power-sharing talks. A 40-member Cabinet was due to be announced on 6 April but disagreements resurfaced over the sharing out of ministries. European Union diplomats said aid will be cut until the peace deal is fully implemented. Inflation rose to 21% in March. The impact is greatest on the poor. WFP Executive Director Josette Sheeran expressed concern over rising farm input and food prices as she toured IDP camps on 3 April. Some have called for subsidies to avert riots over food prices as witnessed elsewhere in the world. Human Rights Watch accused the army and rebels of torture and extra judicial killings. The alleged spiritual leader of Sabaot Land Defence Forces Jason Psongoywo was charged with promoting war like activities. Planned evictions from the Mau Forest caused hundreds to flee to Narok trading centre.

II. Humanitarian Situation Continue reading

WHO – Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 201 – 24 to 30 Mar 2008


Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 201 – 24 to 30 Mar 2008


Each week, the World Health Organization Health Action in Crises in Geneva produces information highlights on critical health-related activities in countries where there are humanitarian crises. Drawing on the various WHO programmes, contributions cover activities from field and country offices and the support provided by WHO regional offices and headquarters. The mandate of the WHO departments specifically concerned with Emergency and Humanitarian Action in Crises is to increase the effectiveness of the WHO contribution to crisis preparedness and response, transition and recovery. This note, which is not exhaustive, is designed for internal use and does not reflect any official position of the WHO Secretariat.

KENYA

Assessments and Events

– Humanitarian needs are expected to continue during the upcoming period of return and re-integration of the IDPs.

– An estimated 300 000 IDPS are still in camps and twice as many are residing in host communities. Camps are congested and the quality of water, shelter and sanitation has fallen below international standards.

– The return of a number of IDPs to their provinces of origin will increase the pressure on infrastructures, even in areas unaffected by the violence, and stretch further humanitarian operations.

– The already fragile health care system was seriously weakened by the crisis and is only partially functioning. Many health facilities remain closed. Many displaced health workers have not and may not return to their posts. Patients suffering from chronic diseases have lost access to treatment.

– In the North Eastern province, the cholera outbreak in Mandera district continues, with 323 cases and 11 deaths reported as of 13 March.

– As of the same date, 204 cases of cholera and 16 deaths had also been reported in Nyanza province.

– Improving coordination and information management, identifying and filling gaps, reinforcing disease surveillance and providing psychosocial support remain crucial. Other key interventions include access to primary health care and curative and referral care services for IDP and host communities.

Actions Continue reading

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 16, 11 – 13 Mar 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance

Source: Inter-Cluster Group for KenyaDate: 13 Mar 2008

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 16, 11 – 13 Mar 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance


Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response: Food Assistance Sector

Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross, Government of Kenya (Office of the President / Special Programme) and WFP are coordinating the food pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

The general security situation has been calm with highways and roads being accessible and open. No incidents related to post-election violence were reported during the reporting period. Security situation appears to be returning to normal and calm prevailed in Nairobi, Naivasha, Kakamega, Busia, Eldama Ravine, Mumias, Lodwar, Bungoma, Kisumu, Kericho, Iten, Karbarnet and Kapsabet towns.

However tension remained high in Trans Nzoia and Mt. Elgon district following military operations aimed at flushing out Saboat Land Defence Force Militiamen from Mt Elgon and Kabolet forests. Clashes were reported in Laikipia west in the central province. In Kipkelion and Molo, the IDPs are still living in great fear and cannot move outside their camps. They also feel that the discussions at the national level on peace and power sharing have not yielded much at the grassroots level.

At an inter-agency meeting held on 11th March in Eldoret, the humanitarian agencies unanimously agreed that transit camps will be necessary for ensuring smooth return of IDPs to their homes/farms and requested the government’s support. The IDPs are willing to return but this should be preceded with a dialogue and confidence building measures. Civil society actors are ready to facilitate the process but await direction from the government. In anticipation of rains and flooding there is need to prepare a drainage contingency plan.

The latest IDP number from KRC is 234,725 IDPs in 247 camps. KRC estimates 150,000 IDPs as a medium term caseload, these are IDPs who will not be able to easily go home for different reasons.

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KENYA: Displaced women “still facing threat of sexual violence”

KENYA: Displaced women “still facing threat of sexual violence”


Photo: Allan Gichigi/IRIN
Displaced women and girls are still at risk of gender-based violence, according to a new report

NAIROBI, 10 March 2008 (IRIN) – The risk of rape and sexual abuse remains high for thousands of young girls and women displaced by Kenya’s post-election crisis in January and February, an assessment by three agencies has found.

Detailing the findings of the rapid assessment of gender-based violence (GBV) suffered in camps, the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the Christian Children’s Fund (CCF), said the women had repeatedly expressed fears of sexual violence because of makeshift sleeping arrangements, where men and women were forced to sleep under one tent or out in the open.

“They also voiced concerns about lack of regulations in the camps allowing men from the outside to enter unchecked by camp officials and, in Nairobi in particular, women reported fears about sexual victimisation linked to camp design and services, including lighting, water/sanitation facilities, and availability of firewood,” the agencies stated in a report on 10 March. Continue reading