Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 24, 19 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 24, 19 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance


Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response: Food Assistance Sector

Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross(KRC), Government of Kenya(GoK), Office of the President/Special Programmes, and WFP are coordinating the single-food-pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya, building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

According to Government statistics, the ‘Rudi Nyumbani’ (Return Home) operation recently launched has so far seen an estimated 125,000 persons resettled by the Government; actual numbers are lower. Population in camps is reducing, but a significant group mainly of traders, landless persons and other vulnerable groups without land to return to are likely to remain in the camps; Population in 134 IDP camps stands at 113,065.

WFP/KRC has agreed to provide the returnees with a one month ration during this transition. However, lack or coordination and consultations during the exercise have in the past week resulted in reported incidences of persons leaving the camps without food allocations as camps were hurriedly closed posing difficulties in assessing and establishing locations where these persons moved to supply them with the necessary food requirements.

The general security situation in the country was calm. Few incidents of road banditry, hijacking of public transport means, robbery and violence against passengers were reported over the week, but in no way related to the post election crisis. There was reported tension in Mandera and along the Kenya/Somali border as the Kenyan security forces beefed up their presence after the killing of the Islamic Court Union militant commander in Somalia last week. In Mt. Elgon, military operations to neutralize the sabaot land defence force are ongoing; yesterday 18 May, 2008, the leader of the force was killed by police.

GoK, KRC, WFP, and partners have jointly delivered 13,354 mt of assorted food. WFP stocks are in place at four operational hubs (Eldoret, Kisumu, Nakuru, Nairobi), in addition to GoK and KRC stocks, to respond to identified needs for the current distribution. WFP will face pipeline breaks for cereal shortfalls in June, and pipeline breaks for all commodities from July onwards.

Humanitarian Response

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Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 23, 08 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 23, 08 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance


Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross(KRC), Government of Kenya(GoK), Office of the President/Special Programmes, and WFP are coordinating the single-food-pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya, building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

The KRC statistics as of late April showed 157,585 IDPs in 182 camps and an additional 130,000 in host communities. However, with the recent launch by the Government of ‘Rudi Nyumbani’ (Return Home) operation, these figures are expected to change rapidly. Camp registers are expected to be helpful in tracking beneficiaries’ movement.

The security situation has returned to calm in most of the country. Highways were accessible and no post-election related violence was reported. However, a few incidents of road banditry, hijacking of public transport means, robbery and violence against passengers were reported end of last week. The incidents were by no means limited to post-election crisis areas. UNON security mission team is currently visiting post-election crisis areas to review the security situation and recommend a security phase level.

Humanitarian Response Continue reading

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 19, 09 -15 May 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 19, 09 -15 May 2008


HIGHLIGHTS

– Government operation continues to return IDPs.

– Permanent Secretary of Special Programs reports that 114,000 displaced

persons have returned to their pre-crisis homes since the end of the conflict.

– Peace and Reconciliation Framework finalized by the Early Recovery Cluster.

– Provisional nutritional survey results for Turkana, Samburu and Marsabit Districts show increase in malnutrition rates

The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

I. General Overview

Discussions are ongoing within the Grand Coalition Government to determine the structure and respective powers of the President, Prime Minister and Vice President. The Government composition is intended to ensure a genuine coalition is formed, with the representation required to arbitrate disputes.

The Prime Minister traveled to Kisumu District in the Nyanza/Western Region, where support for his party, Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), is strong. During his tour, the Prime Minister stated that a new constitution would be prepared within the year. Land legislation and past grievances continue to drive conflict throughout Kenya; as a key element of Agenda Item Four, which will include longer-term solutions to the drivers of conflict, the new constitution is expected to address land legislation. Continue reading

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 18, 1 – 9 May 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 18, 1 – 9 May 2008


HIGHLIGHTS

– 15,000 IDPs return home as government launches resettlement operation

– Food crisis looms as inflation nears 27%

– Government agrees to new IDP registration format

– Water and sanitation provision stabilizes in most camps

– Second phase of teacher training on peace education completed

The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

I. General Overview

The government of Kenya launched 5 May, Operation Rudi Nyumbani’resettlement’ in an effort to return Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) to their home areas. The first phase of the operation is targeting IDPs in Trans Nzoia and Molo districts, building on trends of large numbers of IDPs spontaneously returning to their farms over the past two months. Some 15,000 people had been transported to their home areas by 9 May. Uasin Gishu and Naivasha Districts are slated for the second phase. Concerns have been expressed by many IDPs residing in camps as well as by members of the international communityonthe lack of consultations and planning with stakeholders prior to the operation.

The official start of the return operation followed a three-day tour of Rift Valley Province by President Mwai Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Odinga that ended on 26 April. They encouraged communities to reconcile so that the displaced could return to their homes and farms, a measure that could help soften the impact of the looming food crisis. The early stages of implementation of the resettlement illustrated some of the challenges faced by Provincial and District Commissioners to meet the needs of displaced persons and ensure their security and led to greater prudence and consultation in subsequent days. By 7 May, the operation had slowed due to the recognized need for more planning in many places of displacement. The District Commissioner (DC) of Uasin Gishu District, for example, implemented a more cautious and consultative return exercise where food and relief items were solicited and in place prior to commencement on Friday May 9th. Instead of using military vehicles for the operation, a practice that was criticized for the effective intimidation that military presence lent to the exercise, the KRCS provided the transportation to pre-assessed areas of return.

The government maintains that all resettlement efforts will be voluntary and reports suggest that the process has been largely based on the principle of voluntariness, building on pre-existing trends of spontaneous returns to farms where many have managed to cultivate their land. The Minister of Special Programmes assured IDPs that they could stay in camps until peace talks had been undertaken with local communities in areas of return. However, some coercion has been reported in specific camps by particular local authorities. Furthermore, the involvement of the military in the operation had added psychological pressure on IDPs to return in areas like trans Nzoia and Molo. Due to the sudden and expedited nature of the operation and lack of clear information about the operation and conditions in places of return, IDPs’ ability decisions about their choice to return may have been compromised.

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OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 17, 24 – 30 Apr 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 17, 24 – 30 Apr 2008


HIGHLIGHTS

– Leaders tour Rift Valley Province to preach peace and promote reconciliation Talks on institutional reforms under Agenda Four resume

– 11,953 IDPs in Turkana District need more assistance

– Government approves transitional shelter kit

– UN appeals for $17 million for new arrivals from Somalia

I. General Overview

During their three-day tour of Rift Valley Province, President Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Odinga encouraged communities to reconcile so that displaced people could return home and farm to alleviate the looming food crisis. MPs from Rift Valley province have put forward their own pre-conditions for the resettlement and return of IDPs which are: 1) for suspects arrested for participating in the post-election to be released, 2) for those displaced from Mau Summit during President Kibaki.s first term to be resettled and 3) the termination of the military operation in Mount Elgon. They feel all of these actions are unfairly targeting the wider Kalenjin community. Nevertheless, the visit is seen as a positive step as it shows the issue of return and resettlement is high on the political agenda.

Mediated talks on long-term constitutional, institutional and legal reforms, known as Agenda Four, resumed. The reforms aim to resolve the underlying causes of Kenya.s political crisis. A Commission of Inquiry on Post-Election Violence will be officially established on 1 May, chaired by Kenyan Court of Appeal Judge Philip Waki. A draft bill to establish a Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission is being finalized. The commission will investigate human rights violations, economic crimes, including corruption and historical land injustices, committed since independence.

The chairman and the treasurer of the outlawed Mungiki sect were shot dead on 28 April. Analysts believe that the sect is experiencing a power struggle over its leadership. As a result of these recent killings, the sect cancelled its first planned reconciliatory meeting with church and government officials.

Floods have displaced at least 38 families in Homa Bay and Nyando districts in Nyanza Province. The Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) is responding with blankets, mosquito nets, food, aquatabs, cholera kits, shelter materials and medical treatment.

The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

II. Humanitarian Situation Continue reading

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 16, 17 – 23 Apr 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 16, 17 – 23 Apr 2008


HIGHLIGHTS

– New Permanent Secretary in Ministry for Special Programmes

– MPs call for delay of resettlement until root causes addressed

– WFP warns of food ration cuts by June due to production losses and high

– Food security fears as soaring prices hit the poor

The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

I General Overview Continue reading

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 15, 10 – 16 Apr 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 15, 10 – 16 Apr 2008


HIGHLIGHTS

– New 40-member power-sharing Cabinet sworn in

– Death toll of 14 following Mungiki protests in 10 towns

– $189 million Revised Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan launched

– Kenyan pastoralists consult on African Union policy framework

The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

I General Overview Continue reading