FEWSNET – MAP: Kenya food security outlook

MAP: Kenya food security outlook
23 Apr 2008
Food security is deteriorating for households throughout Kenya. A poor October to December short-rains season in most pastoral and marginal agricultural areas has decreased pasture availability and reduced household access to food from on-farm production. Food security has decreased for normally food-secure households in Rift Valley, Nyanza, and central and western Kenya following the adverse effects of the post-election crisis since late December 2007, which disrupted production and trade and displaced farmers, business persons and casual laborers. About 830,000 people currently require emergency assistance.
From July to September, calmness is expected to return to the conflict-affected areas of the country, allowing trade to increase and some displaced households to return home. However, food availability will be below normal due to disruptions in planting activities for the 2008 long-rains harvest. Additionally, the long rains are expected to be poor in northern and eastern pastoral and marginal agricultural areas of the country, further depleting pasture availability and limiting household production, causing an increase in the number of households that are highly food insecure.
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Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #12 (FY 2008)

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #12 (FY 2008)


BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated April 9, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– The April 13 announcement of the formation of a coalition cabinet has led to a reduction in tensions in areas of Kenya affected by the post-election crisis. However, USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) staff caution that the overall security situation remains tenuous.

– On April 14, the U.N. and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) launched a revised appeal for $189 million targeting internally displaced persons (IDPs) and other populations impacted by Kenya’s post-election violence, as well as families potentially affected by drought. The revised appeal supplements the original $41.9 million Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan announced on January 16 to assist 500,000 people affected by the postelection violence.

– On April 10, USAID/OFDA airlifted 300 rolls of plastic sheeting from USAID/OFDA’s Dubai warehouse to Eldoret town, Rift Valley Province, to upgrade existing camp shelter resources in response to protracted displacement needs compounded by the onset of the March rains. The emergency relief commodities, valued at more than $165,000 including transport, will improve shelter conditions for approximately 50,000 beneficiaries.

– The USAID/DART continues to conduct field assessments throughout affected regions of central and western Kenya, engage with U.N. and partner relief agencies to identify evolving humanitarian needs, and facilitate coordination and information sharing regarding response and early recovery efforts.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
157,585
KRCS(2) – April 16, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(3) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(4)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Kenyan Refugees in Uganda
2,000
UNHCR(5) – April 18, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Kenya: $6,222,429
USAID/FFP(6) Assistance to Kenya: $39,719,000
State/PRM(7) Assistance to Kenya: $10,843,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $56,784,534

CURRENT SITUATION

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OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 14, 03 – 09 Apr 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 14, 03 – 09 Apr 2008

HIGHLIGHTS – Civil unrest as power-sharing talks break down – Diplomats and donors warn of aid cuts if peace deal is not implemented – Growing concern over rising food prices and inflation – $189 million Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan launch on 14 April – Deal agreed to ensure IDP children can sit national exams The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

I General Overview Protests and violence erupted in Nairobi’s Kibera slum and Kisumu on 8 April following the Orange Democratic Movement’s suspension of power-sharing talks. A 40-member Cabinet was due to be announced on 6 April but disagreements resurfaced over the sharing out of ministries. European Union diplomats said aid will be cut until the peace deal is fully implemented. Inflation rose to 21% in March. The impact is greatest on the poor. WFP Executive Director Josette Sheeran expressed concern over rising farm input and food prices as she toured IDP camps on 3 April. Some have called for subsidies to avert riots over food prices as witnessed elsewhere in the world. Human Rights Watch accused the army and rebels of torture and extra judicial killings. The alleged spiritual leader of Sabaot Land Defence Forces Jason Psongoywo was charged with promoting war like activities. Planned evictions from the Mau Forest caused hundreds to flee to Narok trading centre.

II. Humanitarian Situation Continue reading

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 20, 7 Apr 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 20, 7 Apr 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance


Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response: Food Assistance Sector

Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross(KRC), Government of Kenya(GoK), Office of the President/Special Programmes, and WFP are coordinating the single-food-pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya, building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

The latest statistics from KRC show 202,470 IDPs in 235 camps. KRC estimates 150,000 IDPs for the next four months; these are IDPs who will not be able to easily go home for different reasons.

The general security situation in the past week was calm. The highways were accessible and no post-election related violence was reported. However, tension continues in Trans Nzoia and Mt. Elgon districts following military operations aimed at flushing out Saboat Land Defence Force Militiamen.

The Security phase of Nakuru, Naivasha and south Rift Valley has been revised to Phase-I effective 28 March 08. Nyanza, Western, Eldoret and north Rift Valley provinces have been revised to Phase-II. Mt.Elgon remains at Phase-III. All other security phases remain unchanged.

Humanitarian Response Continue reading

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 19, 31 Mar 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 19, 31 Mar 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance


Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response: Food Assistance Sector

Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross(KRC), Government of Kenya(GoK), Office of the President/Special Programmes, and WFP are coordinating the single-food-pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya, building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

The latest statistics from KRC show 202,470 IDPs in 235 camps. KRC estimates 150,000 IDPs for the next four months; these are IDPs who will not be able to easily go home for different reasons.

The general security situation in the past week was calm. The highways were accessible and no post-election related violence was reported. However, tension continues in Trans Nzoia and Mt. Elgon districts following military operations aimed at flushing out Saboat Land Defence Force Militiamen. Tension also continues in West Pokot district due to the ongoing operation mounted by Police with a mission to check highway banditry and cattle rustling from the district.

The Security phase of Nakuru, Naivasha and south Rift Valley has been revised to Phase-I effective 28 March 08. Nyanza, Western, Eldoret and north Rift Valley provinces have been revised to Phase-II. Mt.Elgon remains at Phase-III. All other security phases remain unchanged.

Humanitarian Response

GoK, KRC, WFP, and partners jointly delivered 8,769mt of assorted food. Adequate WFP stocks are in place at four operational hubs (Eldoret, Kisumu, Nakuru, Nairobi), in addition to GoK and KRC stocks, to respond to identified needs. In March GoK/Office of the President had provided 15,000 bags of maize, equivalent to 1350mt, for the post-election humanitarian response. Continue reading

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 16, 11 – 13 Mar 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance

Source: Inter-Cluster Group for KenyaDate: 13 Mar 2008

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 16, 11 – 13 Mar 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance


Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response: Food Assistance Sector

Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross, Government of Kenya (Office of the President / Special Programme) and WFP are coordinating the food pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

The general security situation has been calm with highways and roads being accessible and open. No incidents related to post-election violence were reported during the reporting period. Security situation appears to be returning to normal and calm prevailed in Nairobi, Naivasha, Kakamega, Busia, Eldama Ravine, Mumias, Lodwar, Bungoma, Kisumu, Kericho, Iten, Karbarnet and Kapsabet towns.

However tension remained high in Trans Nzoia and Mt. Elgon district following military operations aimed at flushing out Saboat Land Defence Force Militiamen from Mt Elgon and Kabolet forests. Clashes were reported in Laikipia west in the central province. In Kipkelion and Molo, the IDPs are still living in great fear and cannot move outside their camps. They also feel that the discussions at the national level on peace and power sharing have not yielded much at the grassroots level.

At an inter-agency meeting held on 11th March in Eldoret, the humanitarian agencies unanimously agreed that transit camps will be necessary for ensuring smooth return of IDPs to their homes/farms and requested the government’s support. The IDPs are willing to return but this should be preceded with a dialogue and confidence building measures. Civil society actors are ready to facilitate the process but await direction from the government. In anticipation of rains and flooding there is need to prepare a drainage contingency plan.

The latest IDP number from KRC is 234,725 IDPs in 247 camps. KRC estimates 150,000 IDPs as a medium term caseload, these are IDPs who will not be able to easily go home for different reasons.

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Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 15, 07 – 10 Mar 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 15 – Mar 07 – 10
Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response: Food Assistance Sector

Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross, Government of Kenya (Office of the President / Special Programme) and WFP are coordinating the food pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

The general security situation has been calm with highways and roads being accessible and open. No incidents related to post-election violence were reported during the reporting period. Security situation appears to be returning to normal. Police patrolling and check posts on the highways have improved. The order for military escort is no more in force since mid-last week and no incidence/event has been reported on this account since withdrawal of military escort. The night bus service, which was stopped since the post-election violence, is now expected to commence under military escort.

The authorities are encouraging IDPs in camps to return home. While there are few reports of return, majority of IDPs prefer to stay with host families closer to their farmlands. The IDPs feel secure living within their communities, which also gives them an opportunity to prepare their farms during the rainy season. It has been reported that families are already preparing their farmlands for the rainy season.

Determining the actual figure of IDPs in the camps/sites and those within the communities continues to be a challenge. The latest IDP number from KRC is 234,725 IDPs in 247 camps (as of 3 March). KRC estimates 150,000 IDPs as a medium term caseload, these are IDPs who will not be able to easily go home for different reasons.

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