Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #14 (FY 2008)


Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #14 (FY 2008)


U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated May 7, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– The Government of Kenya (GOK) continues to facilitate the return of approximately 350,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) from temporary shelters in camps and host communities to pre-crisis lands. Between May 2 and 22, the number of IDPs residing in camps decreased from 158,891 to 95,454 and the number of camps declined from 157 to 124, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS).

– Relief agencies report that the majority of returnees are farmers moving back to agricultural areas. Some IDPs, including some small business owners and landless individuals, continue to indicate a reluctance to depart camps without government assistance to help reestablish livelihoods. In addition, ongoing security concerns and the perceived need for further reconciliation is hampering returns in some areas.

– The Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the GOK are working to register IDPs in host communities and return sites in order to provide targeted humanitarian and livelihood assistance to these populations. Registration is scheduled to be complete by June 30, although population movements are complicating the process.

– USAID/OFDA’s Early Recovery Team continues to monitor the returns process throughout affected areas of western Kenya, facilitate coordination and information sharing among U.N. and relief agencies, and work with implementing partners to support sustainable returns and early recovery.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
95,454
KRCS – May 22, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(2) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(3)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Kenyan Refugees in Uganda
2,000
UNHCR – April 18, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Keny: $9,223,232
USAID/FFP(4) Assistance to Kenya: $56,960,000
State/PRM(5) Assistance to Kenya: $14,943,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $81,126,337

CURRENT SITUATION

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UNHCR organizes go-and-see visits for displaced Kenyans

UNHCR organizes go-and-see visits for displaced Kenyans


NYAKINYUA, Kenya, May 7 (UNHCR) – Thirty displaced Kenyans have paid a day-long visit to the Rift Valley Province villages they fled earlier this year, but left for their sanctuaries undecided about whether or not to return permanently. Some were shocked to see the devastation wreaked on their property.

The UN refugee agency organized the ‘go-and-see’ visits on Tuesday to Nyakinyua and Timboroa, setting out from the provincial capital of Nakuru in western Kenya. The visits, requested by the 30 internally displaced people (IDP) taking part, came a day after the government launched an IDP resettlement programme dubbed ‘Operation Rudi Nyumbani’ (Operation Return Home).

The group of 15 IDPs who visited Nyakinyua – all from the same ethnic group – were warmly welcomed by their neighbours from a rival ethnic group, some of whom had turned on them when violence broke out after last December’s presidential election. The inter-ethnic violence left some 1,200 people dead and 350,000 homeless – 90 percent of them in the Rift Valley. Continue reading

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #13 (FY 2008)

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #13 (FY 2008)


U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated April 23, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– According to USAID/OFDA staff, on May 5, the Government of Kenya (GOK) launched an initiative in Rift Valley Province to facilitate the return of internally displaced persons (IDPs) to pre-crisis lands. USAID/OFDA staff report that IDP returns appear to be voluntary and note no evidence of forced returns to date. However, USAID/OFDA staff report concern regarding the sustainability of recent returns in some areas and the lack of GOK coordination with the humanitarian community prior to the implementation of the return operation.

– On May 2, the USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) transitioned to an early recovery team, following improvements in Kenya’s political environment and stabilized humanitarian conditions in IDP camps and host communities. The demobilization of the USAID/DART reflects the shift from an acute emergency to early recovery in Kenya following post-election violence.

– USAID/OFDA will maintain a presence in Kenya to monitor the humanitarian situation; oversee USAID/OFDA-funded relief, early recovery, and disaster risk reduction programs; and facilitate coordination and information sharing regarding response and early recovery efforts.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
158,891
KRCS(2) – May 2, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(3) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(4)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Kenyan Refugees in Uganda
2,000
UNHCR(5) – April 18, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Kenya: $9,223,232
USAID/FFP(6) Assistance to Kenya: $39,719,000
State/PRM(7) Assistance to Kenya: $10,843,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $59,785,337

CURRENT SITUATION Continue reading

IDPs in Kenya hesitant to return home despite relative calm

IDPs in Kenya hesitant to return home despite relative calm


CHOGOCHO, Kenya, April 16 (UNHCR) – Thousands of internally displaced people (IDP) in Kenya are still hesitant to go home despite the return of peace to parts of the country affected by post-election violence at the start of the year.

Most of the IDPs, especially in western Kenya’s Rift Valley Province, fear they will be attacked if they return home. Some of the men go back to villages like Chogocho during the day to tend to their crops before seeking shelter with friends or relatives at night in towns like Elburgon, located eight kilometres away.

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OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 14, 03 – 09 Apr 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 14, 03 – 09 Apr 2008

HIGHLIGHTS – Civil unrest as power-sharing talks break down – Diplomats and donors warn of aid cuts if peace deal is not implemented – Growing concern over rising food prices and inflation – $189 million Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan launch on 14 April – Deal agreed to ensure IDP children can sit national exams The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

I General Overview Protests and violence erupted in Nairobi’s Kibera slum and Kisumu on 8 April following the Orange Democratic Movement’s suspension of power-sharing talks. A 40-member Cabinet was due to be announced on 6 April but disagreements resurfaced over the sharing out of ministries. European Union diplomats said aid will be cut until the peace deal is fully implemented. Inflation rose to 21% in March. The impact is greatest on the poor. WFP Executive Director Josette Sheeran expressed concern over rising farm input and food prices as she toured IDP camps on 3 April. Some have called for subsidies to avert riots over food prices as witnessed elsewhere in the world. Human Rights Watch accused the army and rebels of torture and extra judicial killings. The alleged spiritual leader of Sabaot Land Defence Forces Jason Psongoywo was charged with promoting war like activities. Planned evictions from the Mau Forest caused hundreds to flee to Narok trading centre.

II. Humanitarian Situation Continue reading

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #11 (FY 2008)

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #11 (FY 2008)


U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated March 26, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– On April 8, media sources reported increased tensions and street protests in Nairobi’s Kiberia slum and Kisumu, Nyanza Province, following the suspension of power-sharing agreement talks between Kenya’s President Mwai Kibaki and opposition leader Raila Odinga. USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) staff note concern for the potential of renewed violence and further displacement due to current tensions and insecurity.

– From April 2 to 6, the Director of USAID/OFDA visited Kenya and met with the USAID/DART, non-governmental organizations, and U.N. partners to assess the humanitarian situation following post-election violence. In addition, the Director participated in assessments of internally displaced persons (IDP) camps throughout Rift Valley Province, including Naivasha, Nakuru, Molo, Makutano, Timboroa, Burnt Forest, Cherangani, Geta, and Kitale and Eldoret Showgrounds. The team observed a need to upgrade existing camps shelter resources, particularly with the onset of the March to June rain, and continues to emphasize long-term camp management as a priority due to protracted displacement.

– The USAID/DART continues to conduct field assessments throughout affected regions of central and western Kenya, engage with U.N. and partner relief agencies to identify evolving humanitarian needs, and facilitate coordination and information sharing regarding response efforts.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
169,789
KRCS(2) – April 8, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(3) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(4)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Refugees in Uganda
12,000
UNHCR(5) – February 26, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Kenya: $6,039,498
USAID/FFP(6) Assistance to Kenya: $39,719,000
State/PRM(7) Assistance to Kenya: $10,843,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $56,298,603

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1,500 flock to Uganda camps – 18 Feb 08

1,500 flock to Uganda camps

More than 1411 Kenyans who have fled the country after the eruption of post election violence have camped at a Ugandan camp, some 60km from Busia Town. Ms Yumiko Takashima, head of the UNHCR office in Uganda, said the refugees at the Mulanda Community Polytechnic Instructor’s College came from as far as away Kibera slums in Nairobi, while others were from Eldoret, Mt Elgon, Busia, Malaba and Nakuru. Ms Takashima said those fleeing were of different ethnic backgrounds. He assured them that Mulanda was safe for all of them. “We have decided to set up temporary tents with the hope that peace will return in Kenya so that those who have been displaced can go back to their homes once negotiations that are being headed by former UN boss Kofi Annan are complete,” she said.

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