Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 203 – 07 to 13 Apr 2008

Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 203 – 07 to 13 Apr 2008

Date: 13 Apr 2008

KENYA

Assessments and Events

– On 8 April, the key political parties announced a suspension in their dialogue. The UN fears that this could slow or halt progress made in returning thousands of IDPs to their homes.

– Social networks are disrupted and health services are under pressure. Risks are particularly acute for people with chronic conditions, like TB or HIV/AIDS, who depend on regular medication.

Actions

– WHO and the Health Cluster partners (UNICEF, UNFPA, the Kenyan Red Cross, international and local NGOs, community- and faith-based organizations) continue to support the MoH in facing the increasing demand for care.

– In the context of the Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan, WHO is requesting external assistance to:

  • strengthen coordination and health information management (assessments, monitoring, dissemination) in the most critical provinces as well as in Nairobi;
  • ensure surveillance and respond to disease outbreaks;
  • strengthen primary health care services and ensure the availability of medical supplies in IDP camps and host communities.

– Under the revised Response Plan, WHO is requesting US$ 1 177 000, of which 395 700 have already been received from the CERF, Australia and Turkey. WHO also advanced US$ 240 000 from its own regular budget.

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WHO – Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 201 – 24 to 30 Mar 2008


Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 201 – 24 to 30 Mar 2008


Each week, the World Health Organization Health Action in Crises in Geneva produces information highlights on critical health-related activities in countries where there are humanitarian crises. Drawing on the various WHO programmes, contributions cover activities from field and country offices and the support provided by WHO regional offices and headquarters. The mandate of the WHO departments specifically concerned with Emergency and Humanitarian Action in Crises is to increase the effectiveness of the WHO contribution to crisis preparedness and response, transition and recovery. This note, which is not exhaustive, is designed for internal use and does not reflect any official position of the WHO Secretariat.

KENYA

Assessments and Events

– Humanitarian needs are expected to continue during the upcoming period of return and re-integration of the IDPs.

– An estimated 300 000 IDPS are still in camps and twice as many are residing in host communities. Camps are congested and the quality of water, shelter and sanitation has fallen below international standards.

– The return of a number of IDPs to their provinces of origin will increase the pressure on infrastructures, even in areas unaffected by the violence, and stretch further humanitarian operations.

– The already fragile health care system was seriously weakened by the crisis and is only partially functioning. Many health facilities remain closed. Many displaced health workers have not and may not return to their posts. Patients suffering from chronic diseases have lost access to treatment.

– In the North Eastern province, the cholera outbreak in Mandera district continues, with 323 cases and 11 deaths reported as of 13 March.

– As of the same date, 204 cases of cholera and 16 deaths had also been reported in Nyanza province.

– Improving coordination and information management, identifying and filling gaps, reinforcing disease surveillance and providing psychosocial support remain crucial. Other key interventions include access to primary health care and curative and referral care services for IDP and host communities.

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Kenya: Census plans on track despite displacement

Date: 19 Mar 2008


Kenya: Census plans on track despite displacement


NAIROBI, 19 March 2008 (IRIN) – The political crisis in Kenya caused major population movements that may require a repeat of cartographic mapping in some areas before the 2009 census, but plans for the official count are on track, a government official told IRIN.

“We are revising our work plan and looking at areas where we might have to repeat cartographic mapping but we expect to hold the census on 25 August 2009 as planned,” said Chris Omolo, the census manager and principal economist at the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS). Continue reading

KENYA: Displaced women “still facing threat of sexual violence”

KENYA: Displaced women “still facing threat of sexual violence”


Photo: Allan Gichigi/IRIN
Displaced women and girls are still at risk of gender-based violence, according to a new report

NAIROBI, 10 March 2008 (IRIN) – The risk of rape and sexual abuse remains high for thousands of young girls and women displaced by Kenya’s post-election crisis in January and February, an assessment by three agencies has found.

Detailing the findings of the rapid assessment of gender-based violence (GBV) suffered in camps, the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the Christian Children’s Fund (CCF), said the women had repeatedly expressed fears of sexual violence because of makeshift sleeping arrangements, where men and women were forced to sleep under one tent or out in the open.

“They also voiced concerns about lack of regulations in the camps allowing men from the outside to enter unchecked by camp officials and, in Nairobi in particular, women reported fears about sexual victimisation linked to camp design and services, including lighting, water/sanitation facilities, and availability of firewood,” the agencies stated in a report on 10 March. Continue reading