Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #14 (FY 2008)


Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #14 (FY 2008)


U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated May 7, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– The Government of Kenya (GOK) continues to facilitate the return of approximately 350,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) from temporary shelters in camps and host communities to pre-crisis lands. Between May 2 and 22, the number of IDPs residing in camps decreased from 158,891 to 95,454 and the number of camps declined from 157 to 124, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS).

– Relief agencies report that the majority of returnees are farmers moving back to agricultural areas. Some IDPs, including some small business owners and landless individuals, continue to indicate a reluctance to depart camps without government assistance to help reestablish livelihoods. In addition, ongoing security concerns and the perceived need for further reconciliation is hampering returns in some areas.

– The Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the GOK are working to register IDPs in host communities and return sites in order to provide targeted humanitarian and livelihood assistance to these populations. Registration is scheduled to be complete by June 30, although population movements are complicating the process.

– USAID/OFDA’s Early Recovery Team continues to monitor the returns process throughout affected areas of western Kenya, facilitate coordination and information sharing among U.N. and relief agencies, and work with implementing partners to support sustainable returns and early recovery.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
95,454
KRCS – May 22, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(2) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(3)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Kenyan Refugees in Uganda
2,000
UNHCR – April 18, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Keny: $9,223,232
USAID/FFP(4) Assistance to Kenya: $56,960,000
State/PRM(5) Assistance to Kenya: $14,943,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $81,126,337

CURRENT SITUATION

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Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 24, 19 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 24, 19 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance


Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response: Food Assistance Sector

Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross(KRC), Government of Kenya(GoK), Office of the President/Special Programmes, and WFP are coordinating the single-food-pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya, building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

According to Government statistics, the ‘Rudi Nyumbani’ (Return Home) operation recently launched has so far seen an estimated 125,000 persons resettled by the Government; actual numbers are lower. Population in camps is reducing, but a significant group mainly of traders, landless persons and other vulnerable groups without land to return to are likely to remain in the camps; Population in 134 IDP camps stands at 113,065.

WFP/KRC has agreed to provide the returnees with a one month ration during this transition. However, lack or coordination and consultations during the exercise have in the past week resulted in reported incidences of persons leaving the camps without food allocations as camps were hurriedly closed posing difficulties in assessing and establishing locations where these persons moved to supply them with the necessary food requirements.

The general security situation in the country was calm. Few incidents of road banditry, hijacking of public transport means, robbery and violence against passengers were reported over the week, but in no way related to the post election crisis. There was reported tension in Mandera and along the Kenya/Somali border as the Kenyan security forces beefed up their presence after the killing of the Islamic Court Union militant commander in Somalia last week. In Mt. Elgon, military operations to neutralize the sabaot land defence force are ongoing; yesterday 18 May, 2008, the leader of the force was killed by police.

GoK, KRC, WFP, and partners have jointly delivered 13,354 mt of assorted food. WFP stocks are in place at four operational hubs (Eldoret, Kisumu, Nakuru, Nairobi), in addition to GoK and KRC stocks, to respond to identified needs for the current distribution. WFP will face pipeline breaks for cereal shortfalls in June, and pipeline breaks for all commodities from July onwards.

Humanitarian Response

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Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 23, 08 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 23, 08 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance


Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross(KRC), Government of Kenya(GoK), Office of the President/Special Programmes, and WFP are coordinating the single-food-pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya, building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

The KRC statistics as of late April showed 157,585 IDPs in 182 camps and an additional 130,000 in host communities. However, with the recent launch by the Government of ‘Rudi Nyumbani’ (Return Home) operation, these figures are expected to change rapidly. Camp registers are expected to be helpful in tracking beneficiaries’ movement.

The security situation has returned to calm in most of the country. Highways were accessible and no post-election related violence was reported. However, a few incidents of road banditry, hijacking of public transport means, robbery and violence against passengers were reported end of last week. The incidents were by no means limited to post-election crisis areas. UNON security mission team is currently visiting post-election crisis areas to review the security situation and recommend a security phase level.

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Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 23, 08 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance


Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 23, 08 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance


Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross(KRC), Government of Kenya(GoK), Office of the President/Special Programmes, and WFP are coordinating the single-food-pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya, building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

The KRC statistics as of late April showed 157,585 IDPs in 182 camps and an additional 130,000 in host communities. However, with the recent launch by the Government of ‘Rudi Nyumbani’ (Return Home) operation, these figures are expected to change rapidly. Camp registers are expected to be helpful in tracking beneficiaries’ movement.

The security situation has returned to calm in most of the country. Highways were accessible and no post-election related violence was reported. However, a few incidents of road banditry, hijacking of public transport means, robbery and violence against passengers were reported end of last week. The incidents were by no means limited to post-election crisis areas. UNON security mission team is currently visiting post-election crisis areas to review the security situation and recommend a security phase level.

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OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 17, 24 – 30 Apr 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 17, 24 – 30 Apr 2008


HIGHLIGHTS

– Leaders tour Rift Valley Province to preach peace and promote reconciliation Talks on institutional reforms under Agenda Four resume

– 11,953 IDPs in Turkana District need more assistance

– Government approves transitional shelter kit

– UN appeals for $17 million for new arrivals from Somalia

I. General Overview

During their three-day tour of Rift Valley Province, President Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Odinga encouraged communities to reconcile so that displaced people could return home and farm to alleviate the looming food crisis. MPs from Rift Valley province have put forward their own pre-conditions for the resettlement and return of IDPs which are: 1) for suspects arrested for participating in the post-election to be released, 2) for those displaced from Mau Summit during President Kibaki.s first term to be resettled and 3) the termination of the military operation in Mount Elgon. They feel all of these actions are unfairly targeting the wider Kalenjin community. Nevertheless, the visit is seen as a positive step as it shows the issue of return and resettlement is high on the political agenda.

Mediated talks on long-term constitutional, institutional and legal reforms, known as Agenda Four, resumed. The reforms aim to resolve the underlying causes of Kenya.s political crisis. A Commission of Inquiry on Post-Election Violence will be officially established on 1 May, chaired by Kenyan Court of Appeal Judge Philip Waki. A draft bill to establish a Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission is being finalized. The commission will investigate human rights violations, economic crimes, including corruption and historical land injustices, committed since independence.

The chairman and the treasurer of the outlawed Mungiki sect were shot dead on 28 April. Analysts believe that the sect is experiencing a power struggle over its leadership. As a result of these recent killings, the sect cancelled its first planned reconciliatory meeting with church and government officials.

Floods have displaced at least 38 families in Homa Bay and Nyando districts in Nyanza Province. The Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) is responding with blankets, mosquito nets, food, aquatabs, cholera kits, shelter materials and medical treatment.

The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

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Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #13 (FY 2008)

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #13 (FY 2008)


U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated April 23, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– According to USAID/OFDA staff, on May 5, the Government of Kenya (GOK) launched an initiative in Rift Valley Province to facilitate the return of internally displaced persons (IDPs) to pre-crisis lands. USAID/OFDA staff report that IDP returns appear to be voluntary and note no evidence of forced returns to date. However, USAID/OFDA staff report concern regarding the sustainability of recent returns in some areas and the lack of GOK coordination with the humanitarian community prior to the implementation of the return operation.

– On May 2, the USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) transitioned to an early recovery team, following improvements in Kenya’s political environment and stabilized humanitarian conditions in IDP camps and host communities. The demobilization of the USAID/DART reflects the shift from an acute emergency to early recovery in Kenya following post-election violence.

– USAID/OFDA will maintain a presence in Kenya to monitor the humanitarian situation; oversee USAID/OFDA-funded relief, early recovery, and disaster risk reduction programs; and facilitate coordination and information sharing regarding response and early recovery efforts.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
158,891
KRCS(2) – May 2, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(3) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(4)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Kenyan Refugees in Uganda
2,000
UNHCR(5) – April 18, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Kenya: $9,223,232
USAID/FFP(6) Assistance to Kenya: $39,719,000
State/PRM(7) Assistance to Kenya: $10,843,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $59,785,337

CURRENT SITUATION Continue reading

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 22, 21 Apr 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 22, 21 Apr 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance


Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response: Food Assistance Sector

Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross(KRC), Government of Kenya(GoK), Office of the President/Special Programmes, and WFP are coordinating the single-food-pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya, building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

The latest statistics from KRC show 157,585 IDPs in 182 camps and an additional 130,000 in host communities.

The security situation has returned to calm in most of the country. Last week, there were violent protests in parts of the country by the Mungiki sect with similarly belligerent reactions by police; however a government announcement that it would engage in discussions with the sect ended the protests. Tension still remains high in Trans Nzoia and Mt. Elgon district due to ongoing military operations aimed at flushing out SLDF Militiamen from Mt Elgon.

Humanitarian Response Continue reading