KENYA: Govt raises funds, resettlement ongoing despite hitches

KENYA: Govt raises funds, resettlement ongoing despite hitches


Photo: Manoocher Deghati/IRIN
Internally displaced persons (IDPs) at a camp in Eldoret, Rift Valley Province

NAIROBI, 13 May 2008 (IRIN) – The Kenyan government has raised Ksh1.46 billion (US$22.4 million) of the Ksh30 billion ($462 million) it says it needs to resettle at least 350,000 people displaced during the post-election crisis.

“The magnitude of the destruction caused by the violence was enormous; we will therefore require about 30 billion shillings to meet the full costs of resettlement, including reconstruction of basic housing, replacement of household effects, as well as rehabilitation of community utilities and institutions destroyed during the violence,” President Mwai Kibaki said on 12 May during a funding drive in Nairobi.

Kibaki helped to raise Ksh457,272,129 ($7 million), with donations mainly from government ministries and individual businesses, for the Humanitarian Fund for Mitigation of Effects and Resettlement of Victims of Post-2007 Election Violence.

On 5 May, the government launched a resettlement plan targeting 158,000 IDPs in camps across the country, which has seen some 85,000 IDPs resettled so far.
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KENYA: IDPs in Central reluctant to return to Rift Valley

KENYA: IDPs in Central reluctant to return to Rift Valley


Photo: Waweru Mugo/IRIN
Samuel Ngumo Kamau and wife, Teresia Muthoni, and their three-week old baby

RURING’U, 23 May 2008 (IRIN) – Samuel Ngumo Kamau cannot dispel the images of burning houses and Kenyans killing each other from his mind – a key factor in his decision not to return to his home of nearly four decades in Burnt Forest area in Rift Valley Province.

Kamau, a father of 10, who hails from Kamuyu Farm in Burnt Forest, has little trust in the government, which he accuses of “watching and doing nothing” while armed gangs violently ejected him and thousands more from their rich agricultural lands soon after presidential election results were announced in December 2007.

Having experienced the same tortuous treatment every election year since 1992 when the region repeatedly bore the brunt of tribal violence, he feels “enough is enough”.
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OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 17, 24 – 30 Apr 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 17, 24 – 30 Apr 2008


HIGHLIGHTS

– Leaders tour Rift Valley Province to preach peace and promote reconciliation Talks on institutional reforms under Agenda Four resume

– 11,953 IDPs in Turkana District need more assistance

– Government approves transitional shelter kit

– UN appeals for $17 million for new arrivals from Somalia

I. General Overview

During their three-day tour of Rift Valley Province, President Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Odinga encouraged communities to reconcile so that displaced people could return home and farm to alleviate the looming food crisis. MPs from Rift Valley province have put forward their own pre-conditions for the resettlement and return of IDPs which are: 1) for suspects arrested for participating in the post-election to be released, 2) for those displaced from Mau Summit during President Kibaki.s first term to be resettled and 3) the termination of the military operation in Mount Elgon. They feel all of these actions are unfairly targeting the wider Kalenjin community. Nevertheless, the visit is seen as a positive step as it shows the issue of return and resettlement is high on the political agenda.

Mediated talks on long-term constitutional, institutional and legal reforms, known as Agenda Four, resumed. The reforms aim to resolve the underlying causes of Kenya.s political crisis. A Commission of Inquiry on Post-Election Violence will be officially established on 1 May, chaired by Kenyan Court of Appeal Judge Philip Waki. A draft bill to establish a Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission is being finalized. The commission will investigate human rights violations, economic crimes, including corruption and historical land injustices, committed since independence.

The chairman and the treasurer of the outlawed Mungiki sect were shot dead on 28 April. Analysts believe that the sect is experiencing a power struggle over its leadership. As a result of these recent killings, the sect cancelled its first planned reconciliatory meeting with church and government officials.

Floods have displaced at least 38 families in Homa Bay and Nyando districts in Nyanza Province. The Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) is responding with blankets, mosquito nets, food, aquatabs, cholera kits, shelter materials and medical treatment.

The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

II. Humanitarian Situation Continue reading

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #13 (FY 2008)

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #13 (FY 2008)


U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated April 23, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– According to USAID/OFDA staff, on May 5, the Government of Kenya (GOK) launched an initiative in Rift Valley Province to facilitate the return of internally displaced persons (IDPs) to pre-crisis lands. USAID/OFDA staff report that IDP returns appear to be voluntary and note no evidence of forced returns to date. However, USAID/OFDA staff report concern regarding the sustainability of recent returns in some areas and the lack of GOK coordination with the humanitarian community prior to the implementation of the return operation.

– On May 2, the USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) transitioned to an early recovery team, following improvements in Kenya’s political environment and stabilized humanitarian conditions in IDP camps and host communities. The demobilization of the USAID/DART reflects the shift from an acute emergency to early recovery in Kenya following post-election violence.

– USAID/OFDA will maintain a presence in Kenya to monitor the humanitarian situation; oversee USAID/OFDA-funded relief, early recovery, and disaster risk reduction programs; and facilitate coordination and information sharing regarding response and early recovery efforts.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
158,891
KRCS(2) – May 2, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(3) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(4)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Kenyan Refugees in Uganda
2,000
UNHCR(5) – April 18, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Kenya: $9,223,232
USAID/FFP(6) Assistance to Kenya: $39,719,000
State/PRM(7) Assistance to Kenya: $10,843,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $59,785,337

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KENYA: Sexual violence continues in IDP camps

KENYA: Sexual violence continues in IDP camps

NAKURU, 4 March 2008 (PlusNews) – Residents in a camp for displaced persons in Nakuru, in Rift Valley Province, western Kenya, were deeply shocked when a gang of men attacked and sexually assaulted five boys, but the health officials dealing with sexual violence during the recent political upheaval have had to become immune.

“Since the violence started we are seeing similar numbers of cases to what we would normally see over the same timespan, but there is one major difference: 90 percent of the cases we are seeing since the political crisis began are gang rapes,” said Lucy Kiama, head of the Gender Violence Recovery Centre at the Nairobi Women’s Hospital. “The gangs range from groups of two men to as many as eleven.”

An estimated 300 women have been treated for rape since the year began, many of them women and girls who had travelled from Rift Valley Province to the capital, Nairobi, often a journey of hundreds of kilometres that could take many hours by bus. Continue reading

IOM assists displaced people to return home

Kenya: IOM assists displaced people to return home


Following the signing of the peace agreement between the Kenyan government and the main opposition party, the Orange Democratic Movement, IOM is providing transport to thousands of people displaced in Kenya by violence at the start of the year so that they can return to their former homes.

Assistance so far has been given to more than 1,600 displaced people who had been taking shelter at the Noigam camp in Rift Valley Province to the Geta Farms in the North Rift. Another 3,000 people will be returned home in the next two weeks.

Approaching rains ahead of the planting season is the main reason why returnees are choosing to go back to their farms. Continue reading

ICC- International Criminal Court Observing Violence Closely – 23 Jan 08

International Criminal Court Observing Violence Closely

The Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Court (ICC) is closely observing recent post-election Kenyan violence, according to reports from The Hague, the court’s seat. Two Kenyan opponents, President Mwai Kibaki and opposition leader Raila Odinga of the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), threatened separately Tuesday to appeal to ICC, but apparently being unaware of the rules of referral. Asked over the issue, a member of the office of the prosecutor told the Hirondelle News Agency, that “Kenya is a state party of ICC and the Office of the Prosecutor follows all allegations of crimes within its jurisdiction.” The statute of the ICC enables it to exercise its jurisdiction if a situation is submitted to the Prosecutor by a State Party or by the Security Council of the UN but it also allows it (Art 15) to exercise its jurisdiction under the terms of an investigation opened by the Prosecutor by his own initiative.

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