Cholera in Nyanza: Kenya Red Cross intervenes

Cholera in Nyanza: Kenya Red Cross intervenes


Nairobi, 29th April 2008 – Nyanza region has had cholera outbreaks since last year where the first case was confirmed in Suba on 2nd December 2007. The outbreaks have been reported in 10 districts. The affected districts are Nyando, Homabay, Suba, Migori, Rongo, Bondo, Kisumu East and West, South Kisii and Bunyala Districts.

The Ministry of Health has been working with partners in the region to curb the spread of and control cholera in the region. Partners working closely with the MOH in cholera interventions are the Kenya Red Cross, Care Kenya, UNICEF, World Vision and MSF, among others.

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Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #12 (FY 2008)

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #12 (FY 2008)


BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated April 9, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– The April 13 announcement of the formation of a coalition cabinet has led to a reduction in tensions in areas of Kenya affected by the post-election crisis. However, USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) staff caution that the overall security situation remains tenuous.

– On April 14, the U.N. and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) launched a revised appeal for $189 million targeting internally displaced persons (IDPs) and other populations impacted by Kenya’s post-election violence, as well as families potentially affected by drought. The revised appeal supplements the original $41.9 million Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan announced on January 16 to assist 500,000 people affected by the postelection violence.

– On April 10, USAID/OFDA airlifted 300 rolls of plastic sheeting from USAID/OFDA’s Dubai warehouse to Eldoret town, Rift Valley Province, to upgrade existing camp shelter resources in response to protracted displacement needs compounded by the onset of the March rains. The emergency relief commodities, valued at more than $165,000 including transport, will improve shelter conditions for approximately 50,000 beneficiaries.

– The USAID/DART continues to conduct field assessments throughout affected regions of central and western Kenya, engage with U.N. and partner relief agencies to identify evolving humanitarian needs, and facilitate coordination and information sharing regarding response and early recovery efforts.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
157,585
KRCS(2) – April 16, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(3) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(4)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Kenyan Refugees in Uganda
2,000
UNHCR(5) – April 18, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Kenya: $6,222,429
USAID/FFP(6) Assistance to Kenya: $39,719,000
State/PRM(7) Assistance to Kenya: $10,843,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $56,784,534

CURRENT SITUATION

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OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 14, 03 – 09 Apr 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 14, 03 – 09 Apr 2008

HIGHLIGHTS – Civil unrest as power-sharing talks break down – Diplomats and donors warn of aid cuts if peace deal is not implemented – Growing concern over rising food prices and inflation – $189 million Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan launch on 14 April – Deal agreed to ensure IDP children can sit national exams The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

I General Overview Protests and violence erupted in Nairobi’s Kibera slum and Kisumu on 8 April following the Orange Democratic Movement’s suspension of power-sharing talks. A 40-member Cabinet was due to be announced on 6 April but disagreements resurfaced over the sharing out of ministries. European Union diplomats said aid will be cut until the peace deal is fully implemented. Inflation rose to 21% in March. The impact is greatest on the poor. WFP Executive Director Josette Sheeran expressed concern over rising farm input and food prices as she toured IDP camps on 3 April. Some have called for subsidies to avert riots over food prices as witnessed elsewhere in the world. Human Rights Watch accused the army and rebels of torture and extra judicial killings. The alleged spiritual leader of Sabaot Land Defence Forces Jason Psongoywo was charged with promoting war like activities. Planned evictions from the Mau Forest caused hundreds to flee to Narok trading centre.

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Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 20, 7 Apr 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 20, 7 Apr 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance


Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response: Food Assistance Sector

Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross(KRC), Government of Kenya(GoK), Office of the President/Special Programmes, and WFP are coordinating the single-food-pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya, building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

The latest statistics from KRC show 202,470 IDPs in 235 camps. KRC estimates 150,000 IDPs for the next four months; these are IDPs who will not be able to easily go home for different reasons.

The general security situation in the past week was calm. The highways were accessible and no post-election related violence was reported. However, tension continues in Trans Nzoia and Mt. Elgon districts following military operations aimed at flushing out Saboat Land Defence Force Militiamen.

The Security phase of Nakuru, Naivasha and south Rift Valley has been revised to Phase-I effective 28 March 08. Nyanza, Western, Eldoret and north Rift Valley provinces have been revised to Phase-II. Mt.Elgon remains at Phase-III. All other security phases remain unchanged.

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WHO – Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 201 – 24 to 30 Mar 2008


Health Action in Crises – Highlights No. 201 – 24 to 30 Mar 2008


Each week, the World Health Organization Health Action in Crises in Geneva produces information highlights on critical health-related activities in countries where there are humanitarian crises. Drawing on the various WHO programmes, contributions cover activities from field and country offices and the support provided by WHO regional offices and headquarters. The mandate of the WHO departments specifically concerned with Emergency and Humanitarian Action in Crises is to increase the effectiveness of the WHO contribution to crisis preparedness and response, transition and recovery. This note, which is not exhaustive, is designed for internal use and does not reflect any official position of the WHO Secretariat.

KENYA

Assessments and Events

– Humanitarian needs are expected to continue during the upcoming period of return and re-integration of the IDPs.

– An estimated 300 000 IDPS are still in camps and twice as many are residing in host communities. Camps are congested and the quality of water, shelter and sanitation has fallen below international standards.

– The return of a number of IDPs to their provinces of origin will increase the pressure on infrastructures, even in areas unaffected by the violence, and stretch further humanitarian operations.

– The already fragile health care system was seriously weakened by the crisis and is only partially functioning. Many health facilities remain closed. Many displaced health workers have not and may not return to their posts. Patients suffering from chronic diseases have lost access to treatment.

– In the North Eastern province, the cholera outbreak in Mandera district continues, with 323 cases and 11 deaths reported as of 13 March.

– As of the same date, 204 cases of cholera and 16 deaths had also been reported in Nyanza province.

– Improving coordination and information management, identifying and filling gaps, reinforcing disease surveillance and providing psychosocial support remain crucial. Other key interventions include access to primary health care and curative and referral care services for IDP and host communities.

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Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 15, 07 – 10 Mar 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 15 – Mar 07 – 10
Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response: Food Assistance Sector

Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross, Government of Kenya (Office of the President / Special Programme) and WFP are coordinating the food pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

The general security situation has been calm with highways and roads being accessible and open. No incidents related to post-election violence were reported during the reporting period. Security situation appears to be returning to normal. Police patrolling and check posts on the highways have improved. The order for military escort is no more in force since mid-last week and no incidence/event has been reported on this account since withdrawal of military escort. The night bus service, which was stopped since the post-election violence, is now expected to commence under military escort.

The authorities are encouraging IDPs in camps to return home. While there are few reports of return, majority of IDPs prefer to stay with host families closer to their farmlands. The IDPs feel secure living within their communities, which also gives them an opportunity to prepare their farms during the rainy season. It has been reported that families are already preparing their farmlands for the rainy season.

Determining the actual figure of IDPs in the camps/sites and those within the communities continues to be a challenge. The latest IDP number from KRC is 234,725 IDPs in 247 camps (as of 3 March). KRC estimates 150,000 IDPs as a medium term caseload, these are IDPs who will not be able to easily go home for different reasons.

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