Cholera in Nyanza: Kenya Red Cross intervenes

Cholera in Nyanza: Kenya Red Cross intervenes


Nairobi, 29th April 2008 – Nyanza region has had cholera outbreaks since last year where the first case was confirmed in Suba on 2nd December 2007. The outbreaks have been reported in 10 districts. The affected districts are Nyando, Homabay, Suba, Migori, Rongo, Bondo, Kisumu East and West, South Kisii and Bunyala Districts.

The Ministry of Health has been working with partners in the region to curb the spread of and control cholera in the region. Partners working closely with the MOH in cholera interventions are the Kenya Red Cross, Care Kenya, UNICEF, World Vision and MSF, among others.

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Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #12 (FY 2008)

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #12 (FY 2008)


BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated April 9, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– The April 13 announcement of the formation of a coalition cabinet has led to a reduction in tensions in areas of Kenya affected by the post-election crisis. However, USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) staff caution that the overall security situation remains tenuous.

– On April 14, the U.N. and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) launched a revised appeal for $189 million targeting internally displaced persons (IDPs) and other populations impacted by Kenya’s post-election violence, as well as families potentially affected by drought. The revised appeal supplements the original $41.9 million Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan announced on January 16 to assist 500,000 people affected by the postelection violence.

– On April 10, USAID/OFDA airlifted 300 rolls of plastic sheeting from USAID/OFDA’s Dubai warehouse to Eldoret town, Rift Valley Province, to upgrade existing camp shelter resources in response to protracted displacement needs compounded by the onset of the March rains. The emergency relief commodities, valued at more than $165,000 including transport, will improve shelter conditions for approximately 50,000 beneficiaries.

– The USAID/DART continues to conduct field assessments throughout affected regions of central and western Kenya, engage with U.N. and partner relief agencies to identify evolving humanitarian needs, and facilitate coordination and information sharing regarding response and early recovery efforts.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
157,585
KRCS(2) – April 16, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(3) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(4)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Kenyan Refugees in Uganda
2,000
UNHCR(5) – April 18, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Kenya: $6,222,429
USAID/FFP(6) Assistance to Kenya: $39,719,000
State/PRM(7) Assistance to Kenya: $10,843,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $56,784,534

CURRENT SITUATION

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Kenya issues alert after cholera kills 60

Kenya issues alert after cholera kills 60


NAIROBI, April 10, 2008 (AFP) – Kenya on Thursday issued a cholera outbreak alert after the disease killed 60 people in recent weeks, compounding a health nightmare in the country reeling from months of political violence.

Kenya’s Director of Medical Services James Nyikal said the outbreak had occurred in 16 districts in the western region, most of which were affected by violence spurred by disputed elections in December.

“So far, there have been 1,217 cases of the disease and 59 deaths reported. Most of the deaths occurred at home or on their way to hospital,” he told a press conference here. One more death was reported in the Rift Valley town of Naivasha early Thursday. Continue reading

Cholera kills 39 in western Kenya


Cholera kills 39 in western Kenya amid fresh fears: officials


NAIROBI, March 30, 2008 (AFP) – Cholera killed at least 39 people in western Kenya in recent weeks and medical services feared a fresh outbreak, a senior health official said Sunday.

Official figures showed there had been 468 reported Cholera cases, of which 123 tested positive, including the 39 fatalities in the region’s 21 districts, said Nyanza provincial medical chief Jackson Kioko.

The cases had since dropped, but authorities were still vigilante because the current rains had worsened sanitation in the region, he told a local televison station.

But officials fear that recent flash floods that swept away several pit latrines would touch off a new outbreak in the area notoriously susceptible to the water-borne ailments.

And health experts have warned that possible disease outbreak in camps housing hundreds of thousands of people displaced by the violence spurred by the disputed December 27 presidential elections.

Cholera is a waterborne disease which causes serious diarrhoea and vomiting and can be fatal if not treated within 24 hours. It can be prevented by washing hands before handling food and avoiding contaminated drinking water.

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