Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #14 (FY 2008)


Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #14 (FY 2008)


U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated May 7, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– The Government of Kenya (GOK) continues to facilitate the return of approximately 350,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) from temporary shelters in camps and host communities to pre-crisis lands. Between May 2 and 22, the number of IDPs residing in camps decreased from 158,891 to 95,454 and the number of camps declined from 157 to 124, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS).

– Relief agencies report that the majority of returnees are farmers moving back to agricultural areas. Some IDPs, including some small business owners and landless individuals, continue to indicate a reluctance to depart camps without government assistance to help reestablish livelihoods. In addition, ongoing security concerns and the perceived need for further reconciliation is hampering returns in some areas.

– The Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the GOK are working to register IDPs in host communities and return sites in order to provide targeted humanitarian and livelihood assistance to these populations. Registration is scheduled to be complete by June 30, although population movements are complicating the process.

– USAID/OFDA’s Early Recovery Team continues to monitor the returns process throughout affected areas of western Kenya, facilitate coordination and information sharing among U.N. and relief agencies, and work with implementing partners to support sustainable returns and early recovery.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
95,454
KRCS – May 22, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(2) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(3)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Kenyan Refugees in Uganda
2,000
UNHCR – April 18, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Keny: $9,223,232
USAID/FFP(4) Assistance to Kenya: $56,960,000
State/PRM(5) Assistance to Kenya: $14,943,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $81,126,337

CURRENT SITUATION

– USAID/OFDA staff assessments indicate that the pace of returns has slowed significantly since the initial surge immediately following the launch of the GOK return operation on May 5. Early returns consisted primarily of agricultural IDPs in targeted areas of central Rift Valley Province, including Molo in Nakuru District and Cherangani in Trans Nzoia District. USAID/OFDA staff report that approximately 65 percent of the original 8,000 IDPS at Molo Saw Mill camp remained displaced as of May 21. Relief agencies operating in the Molo area, as well as in Nakuru and Kissii area camps, report that remaining IDPs largely comprise business people and landless persons reluctant to leave without securing GOK compensation to reestablish livelihoods.

– On May 16, the GOK began facilitating the return of a limited number of IDPs from large urban camps in Rift Valley Province to pre-crisis areas. To date, relief agencies report that approximately 1,000 IDPS from Eldoret Showground, 238 IDPs from Naivasha Stadium, and 60 families from Nakuru Showground have left the formal IDP camps and move closer to pre-crisis home areas. However, USAID/OFDA staff reports that humanitarian conditions and overall population totals remain stable in large urban IDP camps.

Map: Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #14 (FY 2008)

Notes:

(1) While exact estimates of the total population affected by post-election violence vary, the World Bank estimated that 2 million Kenyans may be driven into poverty as a result of the ongoing complex emergency.

(2) The GOK National Disaster Operations Center (NDOC)

(3) NDOC reported deaths include only those confirmed by area hospitals and morgues.

(4) USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP)

(5) U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM)

Full_Report

Source: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

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