ICRC Kenya: Surgeons dissect lessons from post-election violence

Kenya: Surgeons dissect lessons from post-election violence


Following Kenya’s December 2007 general elections, hospital staff had to face a massive, and unexpected, influx of victims of violence. Now, during a series of ICRC-organized workshops geared at peace-time emergencies, they are discussing the lessons learned. The ICRC’s Iolanda Jaquemet reports.

“Even if the patient has his bowels hanging out, it does not necessarily mean this is the most urgent case on hand, as long as he is in stable condition.” The 20 members of the audience listened attentively to Dr Mauro Dalla Torre, the ICRC surgeon, as he illustrated the principles of triage.

Later, they looked with calm, clinical interest at a picture showing a little boy with horrendous leg wounds, used by Dr Dalla Torre to illustrate “the high energy transfer” caused by a bullet.

The participants’ poise was not surprising: they were surgeons, nurses and clinical officers from five hospitals in Nyanza province, Western Kenya. During two days in April, they swapped experiences at an ICRC-organized workshop on “emergency preparedness and treatment of wounds due to violence”. Continue reading

CCP Meeting 16-05-08

MINUTES OF THE CCP MEETING HELD AT OXFAM OFFICES, SHELTER AFRIQUE HOUSE ON 16/05/08

CORE CORE GROUP MEMBER PRESENT


1. Amb. Bethuel Kiplagat

Matters Arising

Security at Internally Displaced Camps

Mathare

Security is a major threat in Mathare and as it is, there are gangs from both the Kikuyu and Luo communities terrorising residents. The gang leaders are known to the people of Mathare and so far, about 47 names of gang leaders are available.

There’s also a lot of destroyed property, both business and residential. A school/home was also demolished in the area leaving its patrons homeless and without a school to attend. Repair and construction of this school would cost approximately ksh 1.5m. CUPAK has tried to seek funding for this cause, but it has not succeeded.

Action

There is need to identify exactly where these gang members live and initiate dialogue with them in order to promote community policing within the area. The provincial administration can also be involved in this initiative.

A plea to the government to confiscate all manner of weapons from gang members and from the area as well would also be good. The setting up of two police posts in the locality would also be helpful, one at Mathare 4a and another at Kosovo.

CCP should seek building materials from well wishers and corporate organisations to rebuild these schools. Ambassador Kiplagat will seek assistance from St. Mark’s church.

Landlords/ Tenants of Mathare Continue reading

AI – Kenya: Concerns about the truth, justice and reconciliation bill

Kenya: Concerns about the truth, justice and reconciliation bill


Introduction

Amnesty International has a number of serious concerns about the Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission Bill of Kenya (the Bill), published on 9 May 2008 and due to be submitted for debate in Parliament. (i)

Amnesty International recognizes the decision to establish the Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission in Kenya as an important first step towards ensuring accountability for past human rights violations and guaranteeing that victims of those violations know the truth, obtain justice and are provided with full reparation.

The organization welcomes the provisions in the Bill intended to ensure that the establishment and functioning of the future Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission (the Commission) comply with international law and standards. Such provisions are discussed below (see para1).

However, Amnesty International is seriously concerned about several aspects of the Bill, which do not comply with international law, standards and best practices. These include:

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AMREF – Kenya in crisis appeal

Kenya in crisis appeal


AMREF has launched a global appeal to raise $1.5m to provide health care to victims of the post-election violence in Kenya that has left nearly 500 dead and over 300,000 people living in camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) across the country.

AMREF already works in the places affected by the recent events such as Kibera, Kisumu and Eldoret. In fact, as Africa’s leading health organisation and having worked in Kenya for 50 years, AMREF is uniquely placed to intervene in the humanitarian crisis and protect the health of those affected.

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Seed and fertilizer help displaced farmers in Kenya


Seed and fertilizer help displaced farmers in Kenya


CRS continues to respond to the post-election crisis in Kenya. Recently, CRS and the Catholic Diocese of Eldoret assisted 1,500 farmers displaced by the violence by providing them with vouchers redeemable for seed and fertilizer—critical aid to avoid food shortages. Johnson Irungu, CRS Kenya agricultural unit manager, spoke with Peter Mwaniki Muchiri from Yamumbi village to learn more about the gradual return to farming. Continue reading

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 24, 19 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 24, 19 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance


Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response: Food Assistance Sector

Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross(KRC), Government of Kenya(GoK), Office of the President/Special Programmes, and WFP are coordinating the single-food-pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya, building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

According to Government statistics, the ‘Rudi Nyumbani’ (Return Home) operation recently launched has so far seen an estimated 125,000 persons resettled by the Government; actual numbers are lower. Population in camps is reducing, but a significant group mainly of traders, landless persons and other vulnerable groups without land to return to are likely to remain in the camps; Population in 134 IDP camps stands at 113,065.

WFP/KRC has agreed to provide the returnees with a one month ration during this transition. However, lack or coordination and consultations during the exercise have in the past week resulted in reported incidences of persons leaving the camps without food allocations as camps were hurriedly closed posing difficulties in assessing and establishing locations where these persons moved to supply them with the necessary food requirements.

The general security situation in the country was calm. Few incidents of road banditry, hijacking of public transport means, robbery and violence against passengers were reported over the week, but in no way related to the post election crisis. There was reported tension in Mandera and along the Kenya/Somali border as the Kenyan security forces beefed up their presence after the killing of the Islamic Court Union militant commander in Somalia last week. In Mt. Elgon, military operations to neutralize the sabaot land defence force are ongoing; yesterday 18 May, 2008, the leader of the force was killed by police.

GoK, KRC, WFP, and partners have jointly delivered 13,354 mt of assorted food. WFP stocks are in place at four operational hubs (Eldoret, Kisumu, Nakuru, Nairobi), in addition to GoK and KRC stocks, to respond to identified needs for the current distribution. WFP will face pipeline breaks for cereal shortfalls in June, and pipeline breaks for all commodities from July onwards.

Humanitarian Response

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Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 23, 08 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 23, 08 May 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response; Cluster – Food Assistance


Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross(KRC), Government of Kenya(GoK), Office of the President/Special Programmes, and WFP are coordinating the single-food-pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya, building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

The KRC statistics as of late April showed 157,585 IDPs in 182 camps and an additional 130,000 in host communities. However, with the recent launch by the Government of ‘Rudi Nyumbani’ (Return Home) operation, these figures are expected to change rapidly. Camp registers are expected to be helpful in tracking beneficiaries’ movement.

The security situation has returned to calm in most of the country. Highways were accessible and no post-election related violence was reported. However, a few incidents of road banditry, hijacking of public transport means, robbery and violence against passengers were reported end of last week. The incidents were by no means limited to post-election crisis areas. UNON security mission team is currently visiting post-election crisis areas to review the security situation and recommend a security phase level.

Humanitarian Response Continue reading

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 19, 09 -15 May 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 19, 09 -15 May 2008


HIGHLIGHTS

– Government operation continues to return IDPs.

– Permanent Secretary of Special Programs reports that 114,000 displaced

persons have returned to their pre-crisis homes since the end of the conflict.

– Peace and Reconciliation Framework finalized by the Early Recovery Cluster.

– Provisional nutritional survey results for Turkana, Samburu and Marsabit Districts show increase in malnutrition rates

The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

I. General Overview

Discussions are ongoing within the Grand Coalition Government to determine the structure and respective powers of the President, Prime Minister and Vice President. The Government composition is intended to ensure a genuine coalition is formed, with the representation required to arbitrate disputes.

The Prime Minister traveled to Kisumu District in the Nyanza/Western Region, where support for his party, Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), is strong. During his tour, the Prime Minister stated that a new constitution would be prepared within the year. Land legislation and past grievances continue to drive conflict throughout Kenya; as a key element of Agenda Item Four, which will include longer-term solutions to the drivers of conflict, the new constitution is expected to address land legislation. Continue reading

KENYA: Financing boost for small farmers – AGRA, Equity, IFAD

KENYA: Financing boost for small farmers


Photo: Manoocher Deghati/IRIN
The cost of food is rising, placing a disproportionate burden on the poor who spend most of their income on consumables

NAIROBI, 6 May 2008 (IRIN) – Small farmers and agricultural enterprises are the main beneficiaries of a financing partnership launched on 6 May to help them break out of poverty and commercialise farming.

“We must insulate our people from the indignity of hunger and starvation,” James Mwangi, the chief executive officer of Equity Bank, one of the partners in the deal, said in Nairobi at the launch of “Kilimo Biashara” (Commercialising Farming).

According to the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), the partnership represents an innovative solution to the farmers’ credit crunch, with the aim of boosting food security and creating jobs in rural areas.

AGRA, with Equity Bank, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the Kenyan Ministry of Agriculture, signed an agreement for a loan facility of US$50 million (Ksh3 billion) to speed up financing for at least 2.5 million farmers and 15,000 agricultural enterprises across the country.

The loan facility will operate against a “cash guarantee fund” from AGRA and IFAD to reduce part of the risk of lending by Equity Bank, AGRA said.
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KENYA: Govt raises funds, resettlement ongoing despite hitches

KENYA: Govt raises funds, resettlement ongoing despite hitches


Photo: Manoocher Deghati/IRIN
Internally displaced persons (IDPs) at a camp in Eldoret, Rift Valley Province

NAIROBI, 13 May 2008 (IRIN) – The Kenyan government has raised Ksh1.46 billion (US$22.4 million) of the Ksh30 billion ($462 million) it says it needs to resettle at least 350,000 people displaced during the post-election crisis.

“The magnitude of the destruction caused by the violence was enormous; we will therefore require about 30 billion shillings to meet the full costs of resettlement, including reconstruction of basic housing, replacement of household effects, as well as rehabilitation of community utilities and institutions destroyed during the violence,” President Mwai Kibaki said on 12 May during a funding drive in Nairobi.

Kibaki helped to raise Ksh457,272,129 ($7 million), with donations mainly from government ministries and individual businesses, for the Humanitarian Fund for Mitigation of Effects and Resettlement of Victims of Post-2007 Election Violence.

On 5 May, the government launched a resettlement plan targeting 158,000 IDPs in camps across the country, which has seen some 85,000 IDPs resettled so far.
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