Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #13 (FY 2008)

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #13 (FY 2008)


U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated April 23, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– According to USAID/OFDA staff, on May 5, the Government of Kenya (GOK) launched an initiative in Rift Valley Province to facilitate the return of internally displaced persons (IDPs) to pre-crisis lands. USAID/OFDA staff report that IDP returns appear to be voluntary and note no evidence of forced returns to date. However, USAID/OFDA staff report concern regarding the sustainability of recent returns in some areas and the lack of GOK coordination with the humanitarian community prior to the implementation of the return operation.

– On May 2, the USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) transitioned to an early recovery team, following improvements in Kenya’s political environment and stabilized humanitarian conditions in IDP camps and host communities. The demobilization of the USAID/DART reflects the shift from an acute emergency to early recovery in Kenya following post-election violence.

– USAID/OFDA will maintain a presence in Kenya to monitor the humanitarian situation; oversee USAID/OFDA-funded relief, early recovery, and disaster risk reduction programs; and facilitate coordination and information sharing regarding response and early recovery efforts.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
158,891
KRCS(2) – May 2, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(3) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(4)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Kenyan Refugees in Uganda
2,000
UNHCR(5) – April 18, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Kenya: $9,223,232
USAID/FFP(6) Assistance to Kenya: $39,719,000
State/PRM(7) Assistance to Kenya: $10,843,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $59,785,337

CURRENT SITUATION

– USAID/OFDA staff report that initial GOK-facilitated IDP return efforts have been concentrated in Molo, Nakuru District, and Cherangani, Trans Nzoia District, in Rift Valley Province, but are expected to expand to other areas in the coming days and weeks. Although IDP participation in the return initiative appears voluntary, USAID/OFDA staff report that the sustainability of returns in some locations is significantly undermined by the lack of shelter and food provision at return sites, particularly in areas surrounding Molo, and clarification regarding IDP compensation commitments and delivery is needed.

– USAID/OFDA staff emphasize the need for open communication and coordination between the GOK and donors, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and U.N. agencies regarding the GOK’s IDP policy and implementation. In addition, USAID/OFDA staff highlight the need for continued and sustained reconciliation and peace building efforts to ensure safe returns. USAID/OFDA implementing partner Catholic Relief Services (CRS) is supporting ongoing inter-community dialogue interventions in affected areas.

– On May 5 and 6, USAID/OFDA staff traveled to Molo, Nakuru District, and Cherangani, Trans Nzoia District, to monitor GOK-facilitated returns to pre-crisis lands. In Chernagani, the District Commissioner’s Office transported an estimated 2,500 IDPs from Cherangani IDP camp to Cheptobot area on May 5, according to KRCS. Departing IDPs transported camp-issued food, tarpaulins, and other relief commodities to return sites, including USAID/OFDA-provided non-food relief items.

– USAID/OFDA staff will continue to conduct field assessments in affected areas to monitor the evolving GOK return operation.

Notes:

(1) While exact estimates of the total population affected by post-election violence vary, the World Bank estimated that 2 million Kenyans may be driven into poverty as a result of the ongoing complex emergency.

(2) Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS)

(3) The GOK National Disaster Operations Center (NDOC)

(4) NDOC reported deaths includes only those confirmed by area hospitals and morgues. The total number of deaths is still unknown.

(5) Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

(6) USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP)

(7) U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM)

Full_Report

Source: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

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