OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 15, 10 – 16 Apr 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 15, 10 – 16 Apr 2008


HIGHLIGHTS

– New 40-member power-sharing Cabinet sworn in

– Death toll of 14 following Mungiki protests in 10 towns

– $189 million Revised Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan launched

– Kenyan pastoralists consult on African Union policy framework

The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

I General Overview

A coalition Cabinet was announced on 13 April, with 40 ministers and 52 assistant ministers. With the exception of the local government ministry, the key posts remain with President Mwai Kibaki’s Party of National Unity. The Cabinet is being sworn in on 17 April. Despite criticism over its size, there is relief that a compromise has finally been reached.

Chaos erupted in parts of Nairobi, Central and Rift Valley provinces on 14 April as the outlawed Mungiki sect protested over the killing of the wife of the sect’s leader. She was abducted on 8 April and the police announced they had identified her body on 11 April. Youths blocked roads and burned vehicles while the police tried to restore order. The death toll rose to 14 on 15 April as Mungiki attacks continued. UN staff are not allowed to travel to Naivasha, Nakuru or Eldoret by road due to the upsurge in violence.

II. Humanitarian Situation

On 14 April, a $189-million revised Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan for Kenya was presented to donors and the media. The appeal aims to support people affected by post-election violence and by impending drought in Kenya’s arid and semi-arid areas up to the end of 2008. An initial appeal was made in January, which received $31.2 million, 74% of the amount required. The revised appeal contains 94 projects ranging from the welfare and protection of internally displaced people, including host families, to resettlement and restoration of livelihoods. It is designed to support and complement planned and ongoing response by the government and the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). Food aid makes up a major part of the appeal, costing $84 million addressing the needs of displaced populations as well as populations in the urban settlements and up to 740,000 persons affected by drought. Almost 180 people attended.

On 17 April, pastoralists from across Kenya are meeting in Nairobi to consult on the African Union’s (AU) formulation of a pastoralist policy framework for Africa. The oneday workshop is being hosted by OCHA and UNICEF, involving pastoralist organizations, UN agencies, the AU, donors, government and non-government organizations. The AU’s Pastoralist Initiative Programme aims to promote sustainable development in pastoralist communities in partnership with them, taking into account their unique needs. The Nairobi workshop is expected to stimulate other workshops within Kenya on the policy initiative, which will be followed by regional discussions in September.

Security

In Rift Valley, the towns of Molo and Muchorwe, which is on the border of Molo and Kuresoi constituencies, are tense. District authorities in Nakuru North reported that four IDPs trying to return to their farms in Molo were killed during the last week. Two people were arrested in Kipkelion District after setting ablaze 15 abandoned houses on 1 April. In Kitale town, 29 people were arrested on 7 April for allegedly breaking the curfew imposed three weeks ago. IDPs in Eldoret Showground expressed fears about returning home after hate leaflets were circulated in parts of Uasin Gishu District. Residents of the town were also worried about reprisals by militiamen who are suspected to have fled to the town.

The curfew imposed in Trans Nzoia and Mount Elgon districts is still in effect as military operations to flush out militia continue. On 2 April, three suspected militiamen from Mount Elgon killed a taxi driver at Langas, on the Eldoret-Kapsabet highway. It is believed to be a revenge attack as nothing was stolen. While Turkana District was generally calm, there were skirmishes on the West Pokot border between Pokot bandits and security personnel. In Kainuk Division, Pokot cattle rustlers staged a raid on Kabelkok homestead but were ambushed by security personnel and fled.

In North Eastern Province, two animal theft incidents were reported along the borders of Mandera East and Mandera Central districts involving Murule and Garre clans. Police and the local administration moved quickly to prevent armed confrontation between the two groups. Security was uncertain along the Kenya- Somalia border with armed bandits being sighted. The Kenyan army is patrolling the border.

For more information, please contact:

Jeanine Cooper: Head of OCHA Kenya, +254 (20)7625155, jeanine.cooper@undp.org;

Rania Dagash, Desk Officer, Africa I Section, OCHA-New York, +1 917 367 3668, Dagash@un.org;

Christina Bennett, Spokesperson and Public Information Officer, OCHA-New York: +1 917 367 8059, +1 917 435 8617 (mobile), bennett1@un.org;

Elisabeth Byrs, Public Information Officer, OCHA-Geneva, +41 22 917 2653, byrs@un.org.

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