Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #12 (FY 2008)

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #12 (FY 2008)


BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated April 9, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– The April 13 announcement of the formation of a coalition cabinet has led to a reduction in tensions in areas of Kenya affected by the post-election crisis. However, USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) staff caution that the overall security situation remains tenuous.

– On April 14, the U.N. and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) launched a revised appeal for $189 million targeting internally displaced persons (IDPs) and other populations impacted by Kenya’s post-election violence, as well as families potentially affected by drought. The revised appeal supplements the original $41.9 million Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan announced on January 16 to assist 500,000 people affected by the postelection violence.

– On April 10, USAID/OFDA airlifted 300 rolls of plastic sheeting from USAID/OFDA’s Dubai warehouse to Eldoret town, Rift Valley Province, to upgrade existing camp shelter resources in response to protracted displacement needs compounded by the onset of the March rains. The emergency relief commodities, valued at more than $165,000 including transport, will improve shelter conditions for approximately 50,000 beneficiaries.

– The USAID/DART continues to conduct field assessments throughout affected regions of central and western Kenya, engage with U.N. and partner relief agencies to identify evolving humanitarian needs, and facilitate coordination and information sharing regarding response and early recovery efforts.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
157,585
KRCS(2) – April 16, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(3) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(4)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Kenyan Refugees in Uganda
2,000
UNHCR(5) – April 18, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Kenya: $6,222,429
USAID/FFP(6) Assistance to Kenya: $39,719,000
State/PRM(7) Assistance to Kenya: $10,843,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $56,784,534

CURRENT SITUATION

– The revised U.N. appeal reflects increased funding for early recovery and food security interventions in support of eventual returns and resettlement and the restoration of livelihoods and farming, once security conditions permit. As humanitarian agencies are preparing to support early recovery efforts, the USAID/DART highlights the need for improved coordination between the GOK and the international relief community in order to avoid gaps in assistance and provide more efficient and effective programming.

– Continued assistance and basic services in camps are required due to the protracted displacement of families from precrisis lands. Due to the tenuous political and security environment, the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) anticipates that a core group of 100,000 to 150,000 IDPs in camps will not return to pre-conflict areas until reconciliation efforts and resolution of land tenure issues have advanced.

– USAID/DART staff members emphasize the need for improved targeting and service provision to assist the approximately 200,000 IDPs living in host communities, primarily in Central, Nyanza, and Western provinces. USAID/DART assessment findings indicate that host communities are increasingly unable to support IDPs and caution that if needs are not adequately addressed, more IDPS will likely relocate to camps for assistance. On April 14, the GOK Director of Mitigation and Resettlement reported that district officials are preparing to implement a standardized registration process to more systematically identify IDPs living in host communities in the coming weeks. Teams are scheduled to begin data collection the week of April 21.

Footnotes:

(1) While exact estimates of the total population affected by post-election violence vary, the World Bank estimated that 2 million Kenyans may be driven into poverty as a result of the ongoing complex emergency.
(2) Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS)
(3) The Government of Kenya’s (GOK) National Disaster Operations Center (NDOC)
(4) The number of NDOC reported deaths only includes those confirmed by area hospitals and morgues. The complete number of deaths is still not known.
(5) Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
(6) USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP)
(7) U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM)

Full_Report

Source: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

ReliefWeb

Advertisements

Leave a comment

No comments yet.

Comments RSS TrackBack Identifier URI

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s