ACT Appeal Kenya: Response to post-election crisis – AFKE81 Revision 1

ACT Appeal Kenya: Response to post-election crisis – AFKE81 Revision 1

Appeal Target: US$ 4,998,914

Balance Requested from ACT Alliance: US$ 3,102,475

Geneva, 15 April 2008

Dear Colleagues,

Please find enclosed the revision of the ACT appeal for Kenya (AFKE81) which now includes activities by Diakonie Emergency Aid (DEA) and four partners of the Anglican Church of Kenya, as well as changes on some of the activities and areas of interventions by Christian Aid, Church World Service, Lutheran World Federation, Lutheran World Relief and Norwegian Church Aid.

Following the elections in Kenya on 27 December 2007 and allegations of vote-rigging, sporadic violence broke out in many parts of the country between supporters of Party of National Unity and the Orange Democratic Movement . At least 1,000 people died and thousands were displaced due to the violence. On 28 February 2008, the two political factions signed a power-sharing agreement which was greeted with jubilation and relieve in many parts of the country.

However, while the political deal has been agreed upon, and peace resumed in many parts across the country, majority of the displaced families are still living in IDP camps. Many fear to return to their homes, particularly in the Rift valley province where many deaths were reported during the peak of the crisis. Continued clashes for different reasons were witnessed in Mt. Elgon and Laikipia Districts (resource related conflict especially land and water) and have created fears for IDPs to return home.

Based on the current official information released by the Government and the Kenya Red Cross, over 250,000 people still remain in the IDP camps. In recognition of continued humanitarian needs in Kenya, the international humanitarian community began a process of revising its Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan. Simultaneously, a process of contingency plan for possible deterioration of the humanitarian situation is being finalised. Aid agencies led by the UN Protection Cluster are refining a draft plan for durable solutions to assistance being offered to IDPs in Kenya.

On 12 March 2008, the ACT Kenya Forum (AKF) participated in a UNDP stakeholders workshop which marked the start-up of the UNDP work plan development process built upon five lines of actions- peace and reconciliation, stabilization, livelihoods, access and delivery of basic services and mainstreaming of cross cutting issues. This revised appeal therefore takes into consideration the UNDP focus areas of intervention in order to ensure their sustainability, promote spontaneous recovery and coping initiatives of IDPs and pave the way for long term recovery.

Names of ACT members:

– Christian Aid (CA)
– Anglican Church of Kenya (ACK)
– Church World Service (CWS)
– Lutheran World Federation (LWF)
– Lutheran World Relief (LWR)
– Norwegian Church Aid (NCA)
– Presbyterian Disaster Assistance (PDA)
– Diakonie Emergency Aid (DEA)
– DanChurchAId (DCA)

Project Completion Date: 31 January 2009

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Africa Peer Review – Waste of time in Kenya?

Was the APRM process in Kenya a waste of time?

Lessons that should be learned for the future

Bronwen Manby
Senior Programme Adviser, AfriMAP, Open Society Institute

“There is a need for a healing of the nation. The process of national healing and reconciliation is unlikely to proceed as long as society is still polarized. In addition, without also addressing past crimes, corruption, marginalization and poverty, it is unlikely that reconciliation can be achieved.”

This is not a quote from a report on the recent election violence in Kenya, but from the country review report of the African Peer Review Mechanism, presented two years ago by the APRM panel of eminent persons to African heads of state and defended by President Mwai Kibaki himself on the margins of the July 2006 African Union summit.

The report went on to consider previous violence in Kenya, making observations that are just as valid today as when its writers made them. The APRM eminent persons noted ‘the role of prominent members of the ruling party and high ranking government officials in fuelling the so-called ethnic clashes’. They complained that many of the people involved ‘have neither been investigated nor prosecuted. Some have continued to serve as senior officers, ministers, or members of parliament. The inability to act (against them) tends to underline general public perception of impunity, while at the same time constricting the ability of people to come to terms with the past experiences of injustice and violence thus further aggravating and reinforcing polarities and suspicion.’

All in all, the APRM country review report made a remarkably frank assessment of Kenya’s problems. The report did not shy away from highlighting issues of corruption, especially in land allocation, nor from the ethnic tensions that have been so horribly demonstrated in recent weeks. It identified ‘overarching issues’ that Kenya would need to address, starting with ‘managing diversity in nation building’, and going on to filling the ‘implementation gap’ between policy and action on the ground; addressing poverty and wealth distribution; land reform; action against corruption; constitutional reform; and addressing gender inequality and youth unemployment.

Finally and notably, the report called for ‘transformational leadership’ – leadership that ‘recognizes the need for dramatic change in a society’ and that ‘entails not simply directing change but managing it in a way that ensures broad ownership, legitimacy and self-directed sustenance and replication of change in all associated systems.’

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