Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #11 (FY 2008)

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #11 (FY 2008)


U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated March 26, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– On April 8, media sources reported increased tensions and street protests in Nairobi’s Kiberia slum and Kisumu, Nyanza Province, following the suspension of power-sharing agreement talks between Kenya’s President Mwai Kibaki and opposition leader Raila Odinga. USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) staff note concern for the potential of renewed violence and further displacement due to current tensions and insecurity.

– From April 2 to 6, the Director of USAID/OFDA visited Kenya and met with the USAID/DART, non-governmental organizations, and U.N. partners to assess the humanitarian situation following post-election violence. In addition, the Director participated in assessments of internally displaced persons (IDP) camps throughout Rift Valley Province, including Naivasha, Nakuru, Molo, Makutano, Timboroa, Burnt Forest, Cherangani, Geta, and Kitale and Eldoret Showgrounds. The team observed a need to upgrade existing camps shelter resources, particularly with the onset of the March to June rain, and continues to emphasize long-term camp management as a priority due to protracted displacement.

– The USAID/DART continues to conduct field assessments throughout affected regions of central and western Kenya, engage with U.N. and partner relief agencies to identify evolving humanitarian needs, and facilitate coordination and information sharing regarding response efforts.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
Estimated IDPs in camps and centers
169,789
KRCS(2) – April 8, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
196,000
NDOC(3) – March 26, 2008
Deaths(4)
1,020
NDOC – April 8, 2008
Refugees in Uganda
12,000
UNHCR(5) – February 26, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Kenya: $6,039,498
USAID/FFP(6) Assistance to Kenya: $39,719,000
State/PRM(7) Assistance to Kenya: $10,843,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $56,298,603

CURRENT SITUATION

As of April 8, KRCS reported that approximately 170,000 IDPs remain in 182 camps. KRCS notes that most IDPs are remaining in or moving into camps due to perceptions of ongoing insecurity in pre-crisis homes, in addition to hopes of restitution for damaged or destroyed business and personal property resulting from post-election violence.

On March 27, the U.S Ambassador to Kenya visited Kibera in Nariobi to assess the impact of post-election violence. The Ambassador noted that while violence had affected Kibera’s population, the majority of people had returned to pre-conflict lands and are rebuilding destroyed homes and businesses with community assistance. In addition, the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reported that as of April 4, several IDP camps in Nyanza Province have closed.

During mid-March field assessments in Rift Valley Province, the USAID/DART emphasized the need to systematically register IDPs in both camps and host communities in order to better target assistance to vulnerable populations. On April 4, OCHA reported that detailed IDP registration is underway in Nakuru, Rift Valley Province. The registration is expected to provide details of IDP intentions and land ownership and assist relief agencies in preparations for future IDP returns.

Map: USG Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya (as of 9 Mar 2008)

Notes

(1) While exact estimates of the total population affected by post-election violence vary, the World Bank estimated that 2 million Kenyans may be driven into poverty as a result of the ongoing complex emergency.
(2) Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS)
(3) The Government of Kenya’s (GOK) National Disaster Operations Center (NDOC).
(4) The number of deaths reported by NDOC only include those confirmed by area hospitals and morgues. The complete number of deaths is still not known.
(5) Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
(6) USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP)
(7) U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM)

Full_Report

Source: United States Agency for International Development

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1 Comment

  1. let all be held to account especially the political leadership. They finaced the killing of innocent kenyans in pursuant of their personal interest. Justice must prevail but giving people handouts will not surfice
    Kind regards


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