Critique of the KNDR Committees & Commissions

CRITIQUE OF THE MANDATE OF COMMISSIONS ESTABLISHED BY THE KENYA NATIONAL DIALOGUE AND RECONCILIATION (KNDR)

(Justin N. Kimani, Chege Muli and Moses Kirama)

Comments

1. It is acknowledged that the Independent Review Committee’s work is urgent in order to address the public anxiety regarding the December 2007 disputed presidential elections and has therefore, to work separately from TJRC which will concentrate on the historical aspects of the intension. However the Commission of Inquiry on the Post Election Violence and the Independent Review Committee’s methodology and indeed all the other Commissions involve the same Kenyan public for inquiries. This will aggravate and infuriate the publics and therefore erode confidence and co-operation of the interviewees.

2. In addition the mandate of the commission of inquiry in the Post Election Violence tends to overlap with the mandate of the IREC which covers all aspects of the 2007 presidential elections as enumerated under key activities of IREC.

3. In view of the negative public attitude towards commissions and committee’s of inquiry it is prudent to consider harmonizing the two mandates into one the findings of which should report to the TJRC

4. Whatever number of commission there are, they should be seen to complement the crucial post conflict peace-building stage of Reconciliation. This Reconciliation process has already been seriously jeopardized by the intransigence of the principal’s attention whose has been perceived by the public to concentrate on the power sharing, to the disregard and therefore, neglect of the continued suffering of the IDPs, who are looking up to then for Reconciliation and Settlement. The conduct of these commissions and committee’s will affect the future of the Reconciliation Process, especially with regard to giving of evidence, offer of repentance and forgiveness, which are critical to the success and sustenance of Reconciliation and long term peace.

5. It is critical that the range of skills, backgrounds and professional expertise of members of the commission include educated and experienced peace-building professionals.

6. The commissioners themselves should undergo peace workshops and seminars to acquaint themselves with concepts of conflict transmission and experience in other parts of the world especially Africa. Deliberate and concerted effort must be made to the public to instill lost confidence and trust on commissions due to the action on the part of the government on the findings. In this connection, assurance should be given on respect for commission’s time lines and implementation of recommendations made.

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OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 13, 27 Mar – 02 Apr 2008

OCHA Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 13, 27 Mar – 02 Apr 2008


HIGHLIGHTS

– Deadlock over Cabinet continues though principals optimistic of resolution

– Extra shelter materials issued and contingency relocations put in place as heavy rains continue

– Most areas of displacement downgraded from security Phase III to II or I

– Flooding in Taita Taveta affects 6,000 persons

– Advocacy underway to ensure IDP children sit national exams

The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations.

I. General Overview

On 31 March, members of the Cabinet appointed by President Mwai Kibaki in January met for the first time since the power-sharing deal was signed on 28 February. Ministers agreed on the need to speed up the resettlement of displaced people. They also challenged the police to beef up security and crack down on those threatening displaced people willing to return to their farms. President Kibaki and Prime Minister designate Raila Odinga expressed confidence that they will be able to come to an agreement on the composition of a new coalition Cabinet. There is widespread pressure for a quick resolution of the stalemate. On 1 April, there was a demonstration in Nairobi calling for the Cabinet to be named; police dispersed the protestors.

On 29 March, police in Eldoret arrested an 80-year-old man who is suspected to be the spiritual leader of the Sabaot Land Defence Force which has been involved in land clashes in the Mount Elgon region. Two human rights activists trying to visit the area, where the army is carrying out operations to flush out the militia, were arrested but later released. Three suspects have been charged in court for burning about 30 people to death in a church in Kiambaa near Eldoret on 1 January.

II. Humanitarian Situation Continue reading

Kenya: Rapid emergency shelter and livelihoods assessment – CHF International

Kenya: Rapid emergency shelter and livelihoods assessment


Post-election violence in the wake of Kenya’s December 27, 2007 presidential election triggered a severe humanitarian crisis and displaced half a million people. Although security conditions have improved following the February 28 agreement between the Party of National Unity (PNU) and Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), IDPs and host communities have been severely affected and significant humanitarian needs remain. This assessment report summarizes the main findings and recommendations of CHF International’s assessment of shelter and livelihood conditions among the affected population.

Main findings and recommendations

– Without rapid progress to improve security, implement a durable political agreement and provide assistance to enable destitute IDPs to rebuild their homes and livelihoods, a significant number of IDPs are likely to remain in camps for an extended period.

– Existing shelters in camps as well as in host communities are overcrowded. This poses significant health and security risks to the occupants.

– While some upgrades have occurred, in many IDP camps emergency shelters need to be upgraded to provide adequate protection from rain.

– Urgent action is required to address inadequate drainage and the risk of flooding during the rainy season in IDP sites throughout Kenya.

– Flexible ways to support the livelihoods and income of IDPs and host communities are needed- This is essential both to meet immediate needs, but also to promote early recovery and mitigate long-term destitution.

– Some IDPs lack shelter altogether in spite of the efforts of relief agencies. These groups are highly vulnerable and need immediate assistance.

– Land ownership and documentation of land ownership amongst the displaced population is a significant issue. Efforts to assist IDPs who have lost their land title or other documentation are needed.

– Transitional shelters need to be constructed utilizing locally accessible materials and techniques. This will both reduce cost and enable households to add to the structures in the future.

– Transitional shelter and livelihoods interventions should take into account inflationary pressures and potential disruptions to the supply of construction materials in small local markets.

– Conflict resolution and peace building need to be integrated into all programming.

Full Report – Rapid Emergency Shelter and Livelihoods Assessment

ReliefWeb

Amani Sasa – 4 April 08

AMANI SASA DAILY UPDATE: 4th April 2008[1]

THE HUMAN COST: Over 1000 dead and over 350, 000 displaced

Updates and Upcoming Activities[2]

  • If you are looking for information about the peace process and initiatives that have been established towards this go to www.rescuekenya.org. This site has information on IDP’s, provides a resource to those who are assisting people on the ground and links up various peace initiatives. The site also has forums and blogs where people can post updates on any upcoming activities. See www.forums.rescuekenya.org/ccp to post a comment on the CCP forum.
    1. All groups working with IDP’s requiring assistance, please check

www.rescuekenya.org/govt_coordination.php for contacts for specific government assistance.

    1. An online database has been set up www.crisis.rescuekenya.org to collect data on IDP’s.
      To enable the collection of proper data, all those asking for assistance need to provide data by emailing info@rescuekenya.org. Required is Names of persons in IDP’s, Gender (male/female), children, location of camp, IDP’s from where, Date in, Specific assistance sought, skills of IDP’s.
    2. Anyone in contact with persons who lost or suffered direct damage to their businesses in the Post Election violence, get government assessment forms from the nearest Chamber of Commerce offices or download a copy from:

  • One Kenya-one Nation is looking for peace messages to pass on to school children and students to ingrain a patriotic culture in them with. If you have any ideas of such messages which pass on the idea of peaceful co-existence with no ethnic or religious animosity kindly send your them in to: nationkenya@yahoo.com or info@onekenya-onenation.com. You can also check out their website on www.onekenya-onenation.org
  • There is a scholar in the field of conflict management and peace studies who is willing to give a talk on reconciliation the Kenyan perspective for free. She is also willing to share a talk on any other topic so long as she is informed about this prior. If interested contact William Nd’ungu on email wildleonnd@yahoo.com to facilitate the talk.
  • The Leadership Institute of Kenya (LIKA) is still holding their meetings every Wednesday at LIKA offices, on Kirichwa road near Masaba Hospital from 5 – 7 p.m. The meetings discuss the deeper issues affecting our country such as ethnicity, failure of democracy, the youth, money culture and lack of nationhood, as Kenyans seek to go “GO NATIONAL”. All are welcome.
  • The Kenyans for Peace with Truth and Justice (KPTJ) online petition effort calling on all the Members of the 10th Parliament of Kenya to reduce their massive salaries and return land that they have acquired illegally is still on-going. They have been collecting signatures for the petition and an attached letter to be sent to the MP’s, and plan on reaching 10,000 signatures. It is posted online on: http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/reduce-Kenyan-MPs-salary. KPTJ urges all Kenyans, friends of Kenya, members in the diaspora to please take a moment and add your signature to the petition online. Continue reading