Kenya: Census plans on track despite displacement

Date: 19 Mar 2008


Kenya: Census plans on track despite displacement


NAIROBI, 19 March 2008 (IRIN) – The political crisis in Kenya caused major population movements that may require a repeat of cartographic mapping in some areas before the 2009 census, but plans for the official count are on track, a government official told IRIN.

“We are revising our work plan and looking at areas where we might have to repeat cartographic mapping but we expect to hold the census on 25 August 2009 as planned,” said Chris Omolo, the census manager and principal economist at the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS). Continue reading

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Kenya Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #9 (FY 2008)

Date: 19 Mar 2008

Kenya Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #9 (FY 2008)


BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated March 12, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

– Population displacement and increased costs of agricultural production related to the post-election crisis threaten to reduce land cultivation by up to 30 percent in the upcoming long rains planting season, which is likely to result in decreased food production and negatively impact food security throughout Kenya, according to a joint-Government of Kenya (GOK), U.N., and relief organization short rains assessment conducted in February 2008.

– Multiple humanitarian agencies report concern over declining food security among populations affected by the post-election crisis, as well as prolonged humanitarian needs among internally displaced persons (IDPs) and host communities. An estimated 150,000 IDPs are expected to remain in camps at least through the end of 2008, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). In addition, findings from USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) field assessments indicate that families hosting IDPs are draining existing household resources to meet food and additional needs of those displaced since early 2008. Continue reading

OHCHR – Report from OHCHR fact-finding mission to Kenya, 06-28 Feb 2008

Date: 28 Feb 2008

Report from OHCHR fact-finding mission to Kenya, 06-28 Feb 2008


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

From 6 to 28 February 2008, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights deployed a Fact-Finding Mission (OHCHR Mission) to the Republic of Kenya to look into the violence and allegations of grave human rights violations following the presidential elections in December 2007. The OHCHR Mission also analysed underlying civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights issues and formulated recommendations on possible accountability mechanisms. The OHCHR Mission conducted on-site visits to the affected areas and met with a wide range of actors in the Government, among the opposition, and met with victims, human rights defenders as well as the diplomatic community. Continue reading

HRW – Ballot to Bullets – Organized Political Violence and Kenya’s Crisis of Governance

Summary

The scale and speed of the violence that engulfed Kenya following the controversial presidential election of December 27, 2007 shocked both Kenyans and the world at large. Two months of bloodshed left over 1,000 dead and up to 500,000 internally displaced persons in a country viewed as a bastion of economic and political stability in a volatile region.

The ethnic divisions laid bare in the aftermath of the elections have roots that run much deeper than the presidential poll. No Kenyan government has yet made a good-faith effort to address long simmering grievances over land that have persisted since independence. High-ranking politicians who have been consistently implicated in organizing political violence since the 1990s have never been brought to book and continue to operate with impunity. Widespread failures of governance are at the core of the explosive anger exposed in the wake of the election fraud.

The Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation between the political parties provides Kenya’s leaders with a historic opportunity to step back from the brink and to reform and establish institutions that can help build long-term stability. The establishment of a Commission of Inquiry on political violence; an Independent Review Committee on the elections; a Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission; and the agreement on the general parameters for a constitutional review process – all agreed in such a short time frame – represent a serious and positive response to the crisis.

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Kenya Short Rains Assessment Report 2008

Date: 11 Mar 2008


Kenya Short Rains Assessment Report 2008


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Background

The Short Rains Assessment 2008 was conducted in February 2008 to determine the impact of the short rains season on the food security situation of arid and semi arid districts. Assessments were also conducted in the conflict-affected areas to evaluate the impacts of the post election violence on food security in the most affected areas. Thirty one representative districts falling into seven broad livelihood clusters were assessed including:

1. Northern Pastoral (Turkana, Moyale, Marsabit and Samburu Districts);
2. Eastern Pastoral (Mandera, Wajir, Garissa, Isiolo and Tana River Districts);
3. Agro-Pastoral (Baringo, West Pokot, Narok, Kajiado and Laikipia Districts);
4. Coastal Marginal Agricultural (Taita Taveta, Malindi, Kilifi and Kwale Districts);
5. Eastern Marginal Agricultural (Tharaka, Mbeere, Machakos, Mwingi, and Kitui Districts);
6. North Rift and Western Mixed Farming (Nakuru, Uasin Gishu, Trans Nzoia, Kericho, Lugari, Kakamega, and Bungoma).
7. South Rift (Nakuru, Nakuru North, Naivasha and Molo)
8. Central Mixed Farming (Nyandarua).

Clusters six and seven represented the conflict-affected areas that are generally food secure during normal times. The assessment teams were composed of government and non-government experts from both food and non-food sectors since the field of food security analysis is broad and multi-sectoral.

Key Findings

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Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 16, 11 – 13 Mar 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance

Source: Inter-Cluster Group for KenyaDate: 13 Mar 2008

Kenya Inter-Cluster Team Situation Report No. 16, 11 – 13 Mar 2008: Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response – Cluster: Food Assistance


Kenya Post-Election Emergency Response: Food Assistance Sector

Situation Overview

Kenya Red Cross, Government of Kenya (Office of the President / Special Programme) and WFP are coordinating the food pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.

The general security situation has been calm with highways and roads being accessible and open. No incidents related to post-election violence were reported during the reporting period. Security situation appears to be returning to normal and calm prevailed in Nairobi, Naivasha, Kakamega, Busia, Eldama Ravine, Mumias, Lodwar, Bungoma, Kisumu, Kericho, Iten, Karbarnet and Kapsabet towns.

However tension remained high in Trans Nzoia and Mt. Elgon district following military operations aimed at flushing out Saboat Land Defence Force Militiamen from Mt Elgon and Kabolet forests. Clashes were reported in Laikipia west in the central province. In Kipkelion and Molo, the IDPs are still living in great fear and cannot move outside their camps. They also feel that the discussions at the national level on peace and power sharing have not yielded much at the grassroots level.

At an inter-agency meeting held on 11th March in Eldoret, the humanitarian agencies unanimously agreed that transit camps will be necessary for ensuring smooth return of IDPs to their homes/farms and requested the government’s support. The IDPs are willing to return but this should be preceded with a dialogue and confidence building measures. Civil society actors are ready to facilitate the process but await direction from the government. In anticipation of rains and flooding there is need to prepare a drainage contingency plan.

The latest IDP number from KRC is 234,725 IDPs in 247 camps. KRC estimates 150,000 IDPs as a medium term caseload, these are IDPs who will not be able to easily go home for different reasons.

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Panel to probe all aspects of the General Election

Source: Reuters FoundationDate: 13 Mar 2008

Kenyan president appoints panel to probe election


By Andrew Cawthorne

NAIROBI, March 13 (Reuters) – Kenya’s President Mwai Kibaki, whose disputed re-election triggered violence that damaged his country’s reputation for stability, has appointed a commission of inquiry to investigate the Dec. 27 vote.

A statement sent from Kibaki’s office on Thursday said the panel would “inquire into all aspects of the General Election … with particular emphasis on the Presidential Election”.

The panel is expected to probe the tallying of votes “to assess the integrity of the results” and look into the Electoral Commission of Kenya’s independence among other issues. Continue reading