USAID – Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #8 (FY 2008)

Kenya: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #8 (FY 2008)

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U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated March 5, 2008.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

Government of Kenya (GOK) authorities are encouraging internally displaced person (IDP) camp populations to return to pre-conflict homes. However, U.N. agencies note limited returns to date due to ongoing security concerns.

While the overall security situation has improved as a result of the February 29 power-sharing agreement between Kenya’s President Mwai Kibaki and opposition leader Raila Odinga, international media sources continue to report sporadic violence, including several killings and burning of homes in areas of Rift Valley Province. The USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) cautions that recent incidents could undermine an eventual returns process.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Population at Risk of Poverty(1)
2,000,000
The World Bank – January 18, 2008
IDPs in camps
234,725
KRCS(2) – March 3, 2008
Estimated IDPs within host communities
270,000
KRCS – February 19, 2008
Deaths
1,020
NDOC(3) – March 11, 2008
Refugees in Uganda
12,000
UNHCR(4) – February 26, 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Kenya: $5,686,498
USAID/FFP(5) Assistance to Kenya: $39,719,000
State/PRM(6) Assistance to Kenya: $6,793,105
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya: $52,198,603

CURRENT SITUATION

IDP camp populations continue to fluctuate as displaced populations return to ancestral homelands, relocate from one camp to another, and leave host families. As of March 3, the KRCS reported that approximately 235,000 IDPs, including 150,000 IDPs expected to remain in camps through 2008, remain in 247 IDP sites.

USAID/DART staff note that many IDPs are relocating to densely populated areas with limited capacity to absorb new arrivals, straining host family and community resources and resulting in unmet IDP needs. USAID/DART staff emphasize the need for an effective registration system in camp settings and community environments to facilitate the delivery of primary emergency assistance, including food, medicine, and relief commodities, as well as livelihood rehabilitation interventions. NDOC and KRCS are currently undertaking a joint field assessment to ascertain the full humanitarian impact of the conflict, including a more accurate number of people affected by the violence.

Since March 6, renewed violence in areas surrounding Mt. Elgon in Rift Valley Province has resulted in 12 deaths and the destruction of more than 15 homes, according to international media sources. Humanitarian staff operating in affected areas of Rift Valley, Central, Western, and Nyanza provinces and in sections of Nairobi note the potential for renewed violence, further displacement, and insecurity due to ongoing tensions.

Notes:

(1)While exact estimates of the total population affected by post-election violence vary, the World Bank estimated that 2 million Kenyans may be driven into poverty as a result of the ongoing complex emergency.

(2) Kenya Red Cross Society

(3) The GOK’s National Disaster Operations Center (NDOC). The number of deaths reported by NDOC only includes those confirmed by area hospitals and morgues. The complete number of deaths is still not known.

(4) Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

(5) USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP)

(6) U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM)

MAP – USG Humanitarian Assistance to Kenya (as of 12 Mar 2008)

Full_Report (pdf* format – 67 Kbytes)

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1 Comment

  1. On advice by USAID-Kenya, we formed Gilani Peace & Livelihood Restoration in Nakuru, under the leadership of Dr. Wanguru. Please confirm whether funds have been allocated. we fear that if each person’s initially allocated Kshs.500000.00, most of the 400 affected persons may get no relief. PLEASE come to our aid. jm


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